Western Society

McGregor lived at time when new technologies and industries were transforming everyday; during the industrial revolution at its height. There seemed to be endless opportunities for the owners of the new industries and business, bringing influence and new wealth. As for McGregor, life was often grim as he worked at the factories. His house was made of wood, which was readily available and cheap at the time. The 24 feet by 16 feet frontier home had a dirt floor. He used the kitchen for preparing and cooking food as well as warming the house. There was no bathtub, let alone bathroom in his house. He used candles to illuminate the house. The house had the parents’ bedroom while the children slept in the same room and on the same bed. The large portion of the diet was meat. During this time, his common meals included beer, gruel, potatoes, bacon, mutton, bread and soups, porridge, and oatcakes. The less common foods were water, tropical fruits, and milk and dairy products. He could not afford tea as it was expensive than beer. Water was also a problem since most of it had been contaminated in the 1800 due to industrial revolution. What is more, he could not afford milk and dairy products as they were too expensive. Being a worker at the factories, he needed to take food rich in high carbohydrates as he needed more energy so as to work for long hours. He also consumed raw meals as he got less time allocated for lunch. In his life, McGregor did not have fruits as he could not afford.

At an early age, McGregor worked at the factory to make deliveries for a store keeper. Since he was living in rural parts of the country, he went fishing, trapping, or hunting to provide food for the family, worked in the orchards, fields or gardens, putting up or repairing fences, carrying water to the house, tending to the farm animals, and cutting, splitting or carrying fire woods for the fireplace. While he was kid, he did his chores at 5am before he went to school. Throughout the year, McGregor went to school for three to four months. He also had only one outfit which he wore throughout even during church times. He was also present in the era when political landscape of Europe was shaping up. Due to the unique cultural and historic heritage of Europe, McGregor was prominently involved in most of the political issues faced by the people living in Europe as a whole, including rights of the countries, slavery, reconstruction and civil rights movement. He was actively involved in civil rights movements that advocated for better payments, lesser working hours, abolishment of child labour, registration of trade unions, and better working conditions among others.

McGregor was not religious and religious scepticism disemphasized the role of god and upheld rational thought in his life. He believed in science and reason, but not in the Bible. He believed that Jesus was only a religious leader and not a son of God. Also, God to him was not a stern creator but a loving father. God created the world and no longer controls it. In the great awakening to increase the religious piety, he got converted and would gather with others to share about Christianity. In his later years, he decided to include Jesus Christ and God in his everyday life. The common jobs in his time comprised of army, blacksmith, shoemaker, baker, farmer, teacher, construction, servant, and factory workers among others. The major business and intensive was agriculture. The oldest son inherited a respected employment. During the 1800s, machines were and continued to be invented hence making their work easier especially for those who worked in factories like McGregor and those others who worked at railroads. At a time when McGregor was working at the factory, women on the other hand were highly needed in textile industries. They stopped being objects looked down on men and who only sought for a man to be married. Their willingness to work for significantly lower wages, pre-knowledge of textiles, and their small hands were coveted. In his time, women made money from the workforce they joined in textile industries.

There were three social classes in 1800s (McGregor’s time); lower class, middle class, and the upper class. The lower class in McGregor’s time were the poorest and their children were lucky to attend schools. The children also, had to leave early to make money for their family. People in lower class struggled with diseases as well as affording clothing and food. The middle social class people were neither rich nor poor. The middle class in the social class had enough money to provide for their. They upheld strict codes of conduct as they stressed personal achievement, hard work, and self-discipline. The rich people filled the upper class. Kids from upper social class wore expensive clothes and had toys. During his time, the upper class were ill mannered and arrogant.

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