tribal level of political organization exists among the Nuer rather than some other political organization.

The Nuer refers to a tribe that lives mostly in Southern Sudan; to be specific; they live in the east Upper Nile Province (Breidlid et al. 2014). The tribal level of political organization exists mostly among the Nuer instead of other political organization due of the following reasons. The political structure and organization of the Nuer are categorized as a confederation of autonomous and independent clans and sections. It is a tribal level of the political organization because it is a combination of smaller kin as well as non-kin groups that are usually linked by a common culture; they are mostly pastoralists and keep cattle (Middleton et al. 2013).

The tribes are multi-grouped and contain a bit larger communities. Therefore, it is a tribal level of the political organization because it has denser, larger, and somehow more sedentary populations. Besides, the leadership is not formal and it not vested in any central authority. Due to the larger populations found in band societies, the organizations are egalitarian and hence lack centralized political eldership (Middleton et al. 2013). The Nuer has pan-tribal mechanisms that aid in integrating the members of the clan in facing external threats. The tribes are headed by clan elders who do not have formal political offices, unlike other political organizations such as democratic political system, which require centralized offices to be used in managing and controlling the members of the state (Middleton et al. 2013). However, such clan elders manage the affairs of the clan such as representing their respective clans during negotiations with other clans as well as settling disputes of any nature with internal and external members (Breidlid et al. 2014). The political organization is vested only in kinship and common interest groups.

The Nuer has a common language that all members speak. This necessitates a tribal level of political organization other than other political organization because the common language binds the members of the tribe thus strengthening unity (Middleton et al. 2013). Therefore, it increases strong community feeling among the members which is key to the tribal level of political organization. The tribes are made up of many subdivisions by lineages which are regarded as a main structural determinant for the political order (Breidlid et al. 2014). Lineage groupings, as well as the territorial groupings, are aligned more closely for governance. Since overall political authority is lacking in the tribal structure, other political organizations such as chiefdoms and states are not possible their political activities usually entails several groupings or the separation of the various clan and territorial sections. There cannot be a centralized political unit to govern such a large population because of no fixed boundaries (Breidlid et al. 2014). Therefore, the Nuer has not had dynamic cultural exchange thus preventing them from being active in the national politics.

The Nuer’s lives depend on cattle which they defend with their life, and each clan is politically and economically autonomous (Breidlid et al. 2014). The Nuer lacked more industrialized and commercialized towns which inhibit the thriving of state political organization as the clan elders do not have the power to enforce decisions due to no hierarchy of different political positions. One clan elder cannot hold power over more than one clan or community group. The tribal level of political organization is found among the Nuer instead of any other political organization so as to help in maintaining unity and integrity in the tribe, unlike other political systems that may bring about conflicts and segregation (Middleton et al. 2013).

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