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Baroque and Classical Musical Periods

Music has undergone several stages of development since time immemorial. The creation of music has evolved over time just like other human pursuits. This is because music is influenced by access to technology. The ability to converge massive population into liking the dramatic and the instruments that lead to music rhythm is a pressing issue globally (Bogart and Landau 29). The paper contrasts the Baroque and the Classical styles of melody, rhythm, and texture using two representative compositions.

Composers during the Baroque Period

The word Baroque in art usually implies elaborated decorated. The music of the period were turned the earlier “organum” into the modern harmony which was indicated by the use of a figured bass that accompanied the melody. The ability to perform the artistry requirements relied on the musical whims as the applied music texture revolved around the polyphonic and homophonic. The embraced methods contributed to the generation of different sounds by the acquired musical instruments. The writers largely adopted the use of melodic patterns to evoke specified moods.  Specifically, the variations contributed by the observed rhythm intended to contain and even soothe the audience with an aim of curtailing the stress. During the Baroque period, the artists employed the influence of the word painting. The application escalated and in the event, emerged as the dominant artistic work. Another issue that continued to exist is the use of rhythmic and melodic patterns. The model encouraged the artistry work, therefore, liked, and used by the artists due to its repetitive nature throughout the composition period. This is evidenced in the works of Georg Phillip Telemann, Jean-Philippe Rameau and Johann Sebastian Bach who were the key composers during that era.

Moreover, the melodic and the rhythmic aspect of music enhanced the production of smooth sounds, which was more pronounced by then as compared to the early periods of music. During such era, the musical pitch played a significant role in ensuring that the structure of the music kept on as necessary. Another crucial issue that emerged at the time was the introduction and development of the musical instruments such as the Ex. Basso continuo. Such devices enabled the initiation of the rhythm, which contributed to the type of the music needed by the population since the required sound became part of the entertainment. On the other hand, the composers were open to the experimentation regarding loudness and softness of the music.  During such a period, instrumental suites consisted of several movements based on the dances. All fugues and some preludes utilized multiple independent parts in a technique referred to as counterpoint or polyphony (Bogart and Landau 29).

Composers during the Classical Period

There are several changes that took place in the music industry during the traditional phase as the power drifted from the aristocracy and church to the middle class. The music was no longer limited to the wealthy as opposed to the Baroque period. During the period, the composers took a step of writing pieces of music that were easy to play and administered to the audiences. The move was to produce quality music in the industry and to initiate a fair ground for the competitors in that field. They included Divertimento and the serenades, which were mainly for outdoor purposes. The musical coverage entailed the mood changes depending on the requirements. The difference between the two periods is that during the classical time, the music rhythm kept on changing slowly. Such a development was encouraged by the demand of the audience and the underlying tastes and preferences ((Luzzi 12). During this period, public concerts become more popular and opera houses and concert halls were attended in all big cities. The composers conceived many familiar forms as the music was abstract and pure instead of depicting a particular thing. Instrumental music became more common than vocal forms. Additionally, the concept of a Theme as well as Variations peaked in this period. This is evidenced in the works of Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach, Johann Christian Bach, and Johann Stamitz among others.

Moreover, the rhythm was more flexible, and the frequency of the beats varied according to the needs. Besides, the flexibility and the variation ensured that the music covered all the important human beings that craved for the beats and the melodic aspect of the entertainment. The music that was highly rated composed of the crucial elements that were melodic and monophonic. The engagement of musical instruments such as the piano became popular and the composers embraced its capabilities to achieve the ultimate goal of entertaining the crowd. Lastly, the classical period marked the end of the basso continuo. The composition of the instruments encompassed four movements which engrossed one four themes as opposed to the Baroque period (Luzzi 14).


Music is important since it enlightens the humanity and promotes the achievement of the good moods. Similarly, the rhythm and the soothing sounds ensure that people meet the pressing entertainment needs that act as an accomplishment of the secondary wants. The two periods covered, Baroque and the Classical, tend to highlight the development of the music as the initiations of the advanced technology become paramount in the music industry. Therefore, the development of the music from the ancient period to date underwent various stages (Luzzi 16).

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