Any topic (writers choice)

Final Draft

Task one

Groucho Marx “letter to Warner Brothers” dates back to the year 1946 after the Casablanca’s production by Warner Brothers. Rozen says that Warner Brothers had indicated that it would litigate the Marx Brothers for giving their movie the title Casablanca. The Marx Brothers was to release a movie with the title A Night in Casablanca. However, Warner Brothers had already produced a film titled Casablanca in 1942; at least 4 years before the production of A Night in Casablanca by the Marx Brothers. This threat created a rift between the two groups of brothers. In return, the Marx Brothers threatened to sue Warner Brothers for using “Brothers” in their title. The Marx Brothers claimed that professionally, they were brothers before the Warner Brothers ever were. It is clear from the letter that Marx uses knowledge and wit concerning film production to argue that Warner Brothers should not use the name Casablanca in their movie by using a sarcastic tone. For instance, he writes that the younger Warner Brother who calls himself Jack does not have a claim on the name because it is not an original name as it was used long before he was born.

In reality, it is evident that the Marx Brothers overrated the reactions of Warner Brothers. Warner Brothers was only enquiring just to ensure that there were no copyright issues with A Night in Casablanca by the Marx Brothers. This was due to the similarity in the title Casablanca which was similar to the Warner Brothers title dated 1942. This conflict led to Groucho writing a series of comic letters to Warner Brothers.

The fisrt letter by Groucho Marx, addressed to Warner brothers indicates the intensity of the disagreement regarding the use of Casablanca in their title (Mcdowell 4). Rozen says that in the letter addressed to Warner Brothers, the Marx Brothers through Groucho Marx try to justify why they had to use the title Casablanca. The letter clearly indicates how the Marx Brothers feel on the view of Warner Brothers towards Casablanca as their own. The letter clearly indicates how the name Casablanca started.

In this letter, Groucho Marx tries his best to indicate how they are innocent. In their defense, Groucho Marx brings up the issue of the “brother” title used by Warner Brothers. In the letter, he states that professionally, they were brothers long before their rivals were. He also states that it is offensive for them to use Casablanca because if they are to be sued then it means that the only rightful title for Warner Brothers is Warner (Lewis 42). This they support by saying they started using the name brothers even before other companies like Dan Brothers, Outfielder, and Detroit Brothers, Smith Brothers and Brothers Karamazov existed. The letter reveals the doubt of even whether Warner Brothers’ management knows the existing conflict. At the end of the letter, Groucho Marx indicates that they are all colleagues in the industry and have to continue to be friends (Mcdowell 4). This implies that harmony and friendship are key building blocks for brotherhood.

Failure to follow the set lawful procedures is a major critique of this letter addressed to Warner Brothers. The dispute on the use of Casablanca and Brother names is a relatively minor dispute (Lewis 41) as no one could make a claim on any unoriginal name which was used before they were born. Disputes would not have risen had the two companies consulted each other before the production or the use of the name. This is because it is likely that the letter was a publicity stunt. Although it may seem to be an attack and publicity from Warner Brothers, the film A Night in Casablanca got more sold outs as a result of the sympathy votes from the public. The two teams of warring brothers could have sought a better method of dealing with their issues. Publicizing the issue led to a greater rift which didn’t yield any viable solutions in the end. However, it brought about profit, as well as an example that others need to follow.

Task 2

“Hanging Fire” by Audre Lorde is a free poetry piece which is focused on a 14-year old teenage girl. The girl is worried about her personality, lifestyle, and unknown future. The poem sounds like a lamentation by the teenager (Laskin 109). In the poem, the girl complains about the tiny size of the room she resides in. All through the poem, it is evident that the teenage girl is worried about her mother’s overstay in her own bedroom. Her worry leads to her conceiving the idea of her death which is very alarming. She is keen to indicate what feminists encounter on a daily basis and how they are affected emotionally and psychologically, for instance, appearance, dating, friendship, peer pressure, depression and self-esteem among others. It is important to note that her poetry focus on females from all spheres in all walks of life, the poetry deals with the problems facing the girl child.

From the Hanging Fire, it is evident that adolescence is a critical state in life. Females face a rough time during this period as they endeavor to fit in a given group. From the poem, the teenager is worried about many inefficiencies of life till she starts to get the idea of death. The adolescent’s voice is well represented in this poem than the previous poems as the virtue of the speaker’s mother being in the bedroom indicates that there is a virtual barrier (Lorde 91). This indicates that there are communication barriers between the mother and her 14-year-old daughter. This is a replica of the situation in the world today. The adolescents tend to share issues facing them with the grown-ups. The poet also indicates how teenagers tend to share all of their problems with their elders so as to seek guidance and clarification.

“Hanging Fire” emphasizes the fact that individual’s judgment in a society should be based on their merits. For instance, any person should not be demeaned because of their sex. However, this is not the case today as criticism acts as the driving force in the present society. Not using sexism makes the females to view themselves as less superior to males from very tender ages. They grow up viewing the males as their superiors (Laskin 109). This culture has been passed on over generations since the ancient times and is what Audre Lodre is most concerned about. She seeks equality between the two genders. In other words, she is a champion of global gender equality, for instance, she advocates equal treatment of girls and boys.

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