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Emergency Management

  • Emergency management is the role of the government.
  • Every government must ensure protection of its own people from disasters and calamities.
  • Incidences of war, natural disasters and humanitarian challenges call for action of the governments to spare lives and property.
  • Legislative action is one of the most common governmental response to emergency.
  • Emergency Management in the 1950s
    • The 1950s decade was characterized by several important events in disaster management.
    • It was just after the cold war and emergency and disaster were the major talk of the people.
    • T
    • The awareness for war and threats were everywhere and all countries and states were worried.
    • The concept of nuclear was and subsequent effects were still clear to many.
    • Civil defense programs therefore were present in many communities in readiness for the unknown
    • he potential for attack for any country had increased.
    • The Increased Level of Threat
      • All communities had a civil defense director and officials.
      • These were tasked with the responsibility to predict and manage emergencies with the moral and financial support from the various levels of governments.
      • The increased awareness and threat levels led to mobilization, agenda-formulation, and legislative activities that led to major changes in emergency management.
      • The Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA)
        • On 1st December 1950, President Harry organized an act to lead to the establishment of FCDA that would ensure that there is federal support to the local civil defense councils.
        • This was under the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950.
        • The role of the administration was to provide, with minimal staff and controlled resources, technical support to the to the civil defense directors in the local and state levels.
        • With the facilitation and assistance, the local and states civil defense officers became the face of emergency management, the first ever to be identified and recognized by the multi-level government.
        • The Impact of Natural Disasters
          • Even without a war, the management and preparedness concepts were active throughout the decade.
          • This action proved crucial with the natural disasters especially Hurricane Hazel.
          • The emergency management lessons were adequately applied in the rescue missions and the aversion of danger.
          • In this event of 1954, significant damage was witnessed in Virginia and North Carolina. However, the loss of lives was significantly controlled with availability of resources.
          • Other events such as Hurricanes Diane in 1955 and Audrey in 1957, further tested the emergency management ability.
          • The Congressional Response
            • The congressional response to these events was similar to what would be expected in case of war.
            • Ad hoc legislations were made to ensure facilitation and equipping of the emergency management efforts.
            • These events of the decade laid a foundation for more congressional and political interests in emergency management and structured an eventful period to follow.
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