Any topic (Writer’s choice)

  1. Brief summary – Write a brief summary that includes the following: a. Major facts of the case b. Major stakeholders and their part in the case.

The organization legalized the lucrative market of the secure and uncontaminated blood thereby running a business just like any other firms in the country. However, the business is open to moral criticism because it is unethical to sell anything that comes from a human. The major stakeholders here are blood givers who are in need of money; recipients who are in need of blood to survive; organization that coordinates the process at a profit; and the general community that is against this unethical act (Shaw, 2011).

  1. Major ethical issue(s) in the case – Identify the major ethical issue(s) or dilemma involved in the case.

The moral dilemma involved in the case is whether blood should be donated or commercialized. It is morally wrong to treat certain things like human organs or blood as commodities as selling them could create a situation where individuals will do desperate things in order to survive as well as possibly causing harm to others so as to get what they want.  However, poor people usually find themselves in dilemma whether to sell their blood to survive or to not sell their blood and perish. Therefore, it happens sometimes when an individual in dire need of money sell their own blood to others to get money.

  1. Absolutes – Are there any absolutes involved in the case? That means either an absolute has been broken, or might be broken if you take a certain course of action. a. If so, name the absolute – be specific. b. If so, give your definition of the absolute.

There is an absolute involved in this case that has been broken. The absolute is that anything that comes from a human should not be for sale. Generally, blood should be donated and not commercialized. It is unethical for an organization to commercialize blood as it fosters inequity towards the public. It utters that the wealthy people can pay money for blood without any problem and lives longer while the poor people cannot purchase blood and can live shorter.

  1. Laws – Are there any laws that you know of which are involved in the case?

The laws relating to the blood donation exists on the state and federal levels. The law [O.C.G.A. § 16-12-160 (2009)] states that it is unlawful to sell or purchase whole blood, blood products, blood plasma or blood derivatives in Georgia.

 

  1. Moral Philosophies – Do any of the moral philosophies shed light on this case, especially if no absolutes are involved? a. Rights – You might consider Kant’s categorical imperative b. Justice – Equal distribution of benefits and burdens c. Utilitarianism – A consequentialist or teleological approach d. Egoism e. Virtue f. Other philosophies

There are several moral philosophies that shed light on this case. The behavior of Smith and partners fits right into the egoism model as the blood sale only benefited one agent, Smith. According to Consequentialist approach, the action increased profits and helped people in need of blood despite the increased cases of hepatitis. However, there was no justice as there was no equal distribution of benefits and burdens because only the rick could afford the blood.

  1. Reasonable Man Approach – How would a “reasonable person” see this situation?

To a reasonable person, this case is absolutely unethical for a private organization to make money by selling blood to other people or to the government health system because it is something that is donated by other individuals to be used for critical or vital medical purposes and hence there should be no room for profit in that regard. Paying for blood donations will be taken up by individuals who are in dire need of money. The poor people will donate blood to the extent that is extremely damaging to their own health which makes the case a bad policy and a serious problem.

  1. P-R Approach – What would you think if the story was printed on the front page of the newspaper?

Anything that comes from a human, for example blood or organs should not be for sell purposes as it goes against the moral issues as well as law. Therefore, if the story was printed on the front page of the newspaper, it will negatively affect the reputation and public image of the company. The company purchased the blood from the poor African people cheaply and sold it exorbitantly in the US which is an act of exploitation for the poor people to further the success of a few. Such an act further put a dent on the image of the company.

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