The law enforcement.

Examine the area of search warrants as they pertain to law enforcement .included in your answer should be the exclusionary rule, its origins, construction and how it pertains to law enforcement

A search warrant refers to a court order that is signed by a judge, magistrate or Supreme Court official authorizing the law enforcement officers, police officers, to carry out a search a location, person, or vehicle for particular materials, objects or evidence of a crime and then to confiscate them (Ferdico et al. 2009). Jurisdictions that regard the rule of law as well as a right to privacy usually constrain police powers, and regularly require court orders or a comparable technique for searches police led over the span of a criminal examination. However, the law does not apply in case of hot pursuit in which a police officer is allowed to enter the location where the criminal is hiding after having fled the crime scene. The area of search warrants contrast with authoritarian regimes as police cannot search people and property without providing justification or securing court permission (Ferdico et al. 2009).

Police officers usually acquire search warrant by persuading a detached and neutral magistrate that they have “probable cause” to believe that criminal action is happening at the location to be searched or that confirmation of a wrongdoing might be found there. Ordinarily, the police provide the magistrate or judge with the information in the form of written statements under oath, called “affidavits,” which report either their own perceptions, or those of private residents or police informants (Ferdico et al. 2009). In case the judge believes that the sworn statement builds up reasonable justification to carry out a search, he or she will issue a warrant. This area of search warrants helps the law enforcement officers in acquiring evidence of a crime only in the place and property the warrant describes (Ferdico et al. 2009).

In case the police officers searches a place without a warrant or obtains evidence contrary to the search warrant, the evidence will the excluded from trial because of the exclusionary rule. The exclusionary rule is a court made rule hence it was created by the US Supreme Court in the early 1900s and is not created in statutes passed by legislative bodies (Ferdico et al. 2009).  The exclusionary rule refers to a principle that is based on federal Constitutional Law that the evidences that are seized illegally by the police officers in violation of the right of the suspect to be free from unreasonable seizures and searches cannot be utilized against the suspect in a criminal prosecution. Therefore, the law enforcement, in collecting evidence of a crime, must have search warrants so that they do not obtain evidence in violation of the Fourth amendment rights of the criminal defendant. A search and a seizure have to be reasonable for the evidence to be used by the law enforcement personnel (Ferdico et al. 2009).

The rule was constructed by the Supreme Court to prevent the law enforcement officers from being sued for trespass and paying of damages. This is also why the warrant clause was included by the framers of the Fourth amendment to allow the police officers to have some positive legal authority when invading someone’s property or privacy (Ferdico et al. 2009). This helps the law enforcement because evidences cannot be admissible when they are obtained legally.

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