Reviewing “Stories” for the IPinCH Cultural Tourism Reader and Resource Handbook

Reviewing “Stories” for the IPinCH Cultural Tourism Reader and Resource Handbook

Story 1: A Cultural Tourism Story from Ngaut Ngaut, South Australia: The Internet, Tourists, Photography and Racism

  1. Intellectual property/ cultural heritage issues

The cultural heritage issue arising in the story is the protection of Ngaut Ngaut as one of the most remarkable iconic sites in Australia. The site which is located on the Murray River in the Southern part of the country is one of the clear evidence of the availability of the indigenous Australians in one location over a wide duration. The site is made up of many petroglyphs around which the MACAI aims creating intellectual property so as to protect the deep culture linked to the histories regarding the culture of the Aborigines. MACAI has resorted to replace inaccurate and unfocused information that were highlighted in some websites about Ngaut Ngaut with positive information so as to protect the identity and general understanding of the people about the site. New photography protocols have been instituted by the MACAI so as to ensure conformity and to promote the name of the location.

  1. Lessons from the story

The lessons that I have learnt from the story include the remarkable steps that have been undertaken by the MACAI in order to transform the site and to make it open to all individuals who want to learn about the culture and way of life of the Aborigines. Their decision to remove all the offensive materials that included racist terms so as to make the place more respected is a great lesson and step towards promoting understanding and harmony among various racial groups in Australia and other parts of the world. The fact that MACAI is open to learning from other indigenous groups in other parts of the world so that they can adopt the best strategies in managing tourists is an important lesson for other cultural tourist groups to learn from.

  1. Determination of whether the story was well written

I believe that the story is well written owing to the manner in which key issues have been addressed. Despite being a short story, major concerns about cultural heritage of the Aborigines have been highlighted. The story has incorporated various stakeholders in cultural tourism such as cultural tourist organizations, tourists and archaeologists. The story is further devoted to addressing issues that are of global concerns such as racism, tourism and the internet use.

  1. Key highlight in the story

The key highlight in the story is the part that explains the steps that have been taken by MACAI so as change the negative image that had been created in regard to the iconic cultural tourist site. The measures included removal of offensive materials from the websites and seeking to gain more knowledge on the management of culture tourism.

  1. Actions after reading the story

After reading the story, I feel that there is need for organizations engaged in cultural tourism to seek more on experiences of indigenous groups all over the world. This will help them in offering the right information to potential tourists and those who seek to gain knowledge such as students.

Story 2: A Photograph Where There Otherwise Wouldn’t Be One: Reconsidering The Historical Tourist Encounter In Sápmi

  1. Intellectual property/ cultural heritage issues

The intellectual property issue is the protection of the photos that explains the life and times of the early Samis. The Samis National Museum has played a key role in ensuring the preservation of the culture of the Samis through the photographs that are stored in their galleries.

  1. Lessons from the story

Lessons learnt from the story include a detailed explanation of the history of the Samis and their interactions with the early foreigners. They seemed to have well organized political systems that extended to several years.

  1. Determination of whether the story was well written

I don’t think the story is well written because it largely devoted in the historical aspect of the Samis as opposed to highlighting cultural heritage issues. Historical accounts such as the political organization of the people may not be of great interest to the lovers of cultural tourism.

  1. Key highlight in the story

The key highlight in the story is based on the portion that says the foreigners used to return the photos that they took with the Samis back to their owners. This is very remarkable since it is in sharp contrast to other stories where the foreigners would use the photos for their personal gains. I am also impressed by the fact that the Samis were very positive with their pictures being taken by the visitors.

  1. Actions after reading the story

After reading the story, I am deeply interested in visiting the region of Karasjok and to learn more about the Samis. I will seek to support by role being played by the museum in protecting and guarding the culture of the Samis people.

Story 3: Our Family Album, Your Coffee Table Book: From Tourist Photography to Stock Photography

  1. Intellectual property/ cultural heritage issues

The cultural heritage issue is about the Tsodilo Hills which currently a designate cultural heritage sight according to UNESCO The site is of great cultural and archaeological significance hence it need to be protected as a center for cultural tourism. The intellectual property issue that need to be protected at the hills is the rich cultural heritage of the San people of Botswana that is deeply preserved in the hills through paintings and geometric images.  However, he most important aspect of intellectual property is the taking and selling of photos of the people living in the Tsodilo area without their knowledge. The people need to be protected from such activities that are being propagated by tourists and professional photographers.

  1. Lessons from the story

The key lessons emerging from the story include the explanation of the way of life of the San community in Botswana. This is important as it can help cultural tourists planning to visit the areas to have a prior understand of the people they are likely to meet in the region. One of the most outstanding aspect of the San that readers are informed about in the story is the unique language of the people that is characterized by click-consonant sounds. This form of speech is only available among the Khoisan in the entire world. The mentioning of Okavango as being the only inland delta in the world is something worth mentioning and an important lesson for students of geography.

  1. Determination of whether the story was well written

I believe that the story was well written since it’s very elaborate and touches on key areas of importance in regard to cultural tourism. The story has clearly stated the intellectual property issue that need to be protected and the manner in which it has been abused in the past. It has captured all the cultural tourism attraction sites in the region such as the Tsodilo hills, Okavango Delta and the Kalahari Desert.

  1. Key highlight in the story

The key highlight in the story is the violation of the intellectual property rights of the Tsodilo Ju|’hoansi through publication and sale of their photographs without their consent. This is a very sad scenario as portrayed in the story where some people are making huge amount of money by selling photographs of people who are not even aware of the situation and are living in abject poverty.

  1. Actions after reading the story

After reading the story, I feel the need to come up with an organization that will clearly control the cultural tourism in the region just like the MACAI are doing in Ngaut Ngaut. The people need to be compensated by those who have used their images for financial gains.

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