Review on any topic regarding Islam and Bioethics.

The Islamic fundamentals emphasize sanctity of life. The concept of organ transplant is an aspect of bioethics that has elicited mixed reactions among Islamic philosophers, theologian, other scholars, and believers. In that regard, the concern of Muslims on organ transplant is an ongoing and sensitive issue. It is worth to note that Organ transplant involve borrowing from another person to save the life of another (Mostafa 4). However, there are chances that the donor may as well be put to risk of losing life. In that regard, Islam questions the ethical balance that must be observed to ensure a fair deal for the donor and recipient. According to the article, Ethical Issues of Organ Transplantation in Islam, social and economic factors have always been key determinant in making health related decisions. However, the aspect of religion had so far been forgotten. The overwhelming global presence of Islam majorly divided into two factions, Sunni and Shiite, has been a boost towards the debate on bioethics (Brockopp & Eich 28).

It is worth to note that Islam laws dominate the Muslim culture and inform several decisions that pertains to daily life including health care. The medical framework surrounding organ transplant has been scrutinized by Islam in as far as the possible exploitation and inhuman acts can be carried out in the process. According to the article, organ transplant as a process involve the donor and the recipient. However, there are key steps that need to be followed in order to undertake a morally acceptable organ transplant. Islamic jurisprudence emphasize the superiority of an act of saving life over the dead. In that regard, harvesting organs from one person under certain conditions and transferring to another person to save life of either one or both is ethically acceptable (Moazam 46).

The sources of organs for transplant is the core of Islam concern. Fundamentally, the sources of organs for transplant include; living donors, cadavers, and brain dead donors (Hamdy,112). According to Islam, the living donor has the right to continued smooth life. As such, any organ donation that put risk to life of the donor amounts to breach of right to live (Mostafa 15). In that regard, Islam laws prohibit donation of heart as it is a sensitive and vital organ that is irreplaceable easily. While Islam also focusses on protection from pain during the process, it admits that the morality of saving at least one life necessitates pain which lasts for a while but promises continuity of living. On the side of cadaveric donors, the jurisprudence of Islam emphasize that saving the life of one person from organs harvested from another person dead is tantamount to perpetuating the existence of mankind. In that regard, the principle of sanctity of life exists (Mostafa 17). However, the Islam rules equally emphasize the respect that should be accorded even the dead. In fact, the dead should have all organs intact. In that regard, formal consent to harvest organs must be obtained from the family members. On brain dead donors, the donor must be confirmed to have lost the soul. In that regard, physician assisted death to harvest organs from a person likely to die is equally shunned. However, upon confirmation of physical death and departure of the soul, organ transplant can proceed.

In conclusion, organ transplant is acceptable among Muslim jurisdictions but ethical concerns on the status of the donor and fate of the recipient is accorded significant attention.

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