Response Paper

Globalization takes three major dimensions. According to Karraker, globalization constitutes increasing interconnectedness of communities and nations from the social, economic and political perspective. In that respect, the main pillars that establish globalization are cultural convergence, political homogeneity, and capitalism economy. Globalization is an increasing invisible force that reorganizes the historically independent nations to interdependence on various fronts (Karraker 12). Increased international trade, expanded the debate on democratic political processes and cultural convergence influenced by modern information and communication technology. Globalization seeks to bridge the income gap among nations, but such a goal is yet to be fully realized. Increased technological advancement in communication and transport boosts travel and interactions among people of different communities hence steadily causing social convergence. Free trade and political campaign on free movement and democracy have boosted migration to seek opportunities that result in increased interaction and interconnectedness across the world.

From the excerpt of Karraker,(20), Rational choice theory is exhibited in the globalized world family structure. This theory takes a utilitarian perspective in which rational choices are made based on cost-benefit analysis. In the contemporary society, globalization has made job opportunities available in distant places but opened doors for foreigners. In that respect, people tend to leave a family and seek opportunities hence affecting the emotional and physical bond that characterized the traditional family. The rational choice theory explains the increasing break up of families based on economic hardships that force people to seek opportunities and pursue career dreams at the expense of the family(Karraker 21). The resultant effect has been prioritized economic gain from employment and secondary attention to family cohesion with an increased case of failed marriages, abandoned children and gender-based violence. From the perspective of ranking income opportunities in this era of globalization at the first position, this theory explains the emerging challenges of family frameworks as a result of the global village. In the case of Tajikistan families, men seek employment opportunities in Russia leaving behind their wives and children. The ensuing cost of returning home to visit the family versus the good life and better social environment in Russia make men initiate divorce, remarry in host countries and go on with life. It is evident from the case of Tajikistan that globalization has brought economic opportunities but at the cost of family values that emphasize emotional and physical closeness of spouses and their children. The impact has been reflected in higher divorces and desperate children abandoned in Tajikistani hence the relevance of this theory.

Tajikistan population is predominantly Muslim and hence guided by their religious fundamentals on politics, culture and economic policies. Of central concern is the issue of divorce which favors men and oppresses womenfolk. The process of divorce involves repeated word “taloq” by the man to the wife. The word can be passed through oral communication or a short message text via mobile phone. As long as the word “taloq” is said thrice, the divorce takes effect, and the woman has no option but to go back to parents or seek alternative means to fend for herself and the children. Technology has significantly aided the process since men working in Russia simply need to send an SMS.Mobile technology facilitates divorce since one does not need to incur the cost of traveling from face to face declaration of divorce. Besides, MS resolves the guilt of conscience that may be brought by face to face communication. The separated families seem to affect women in particular. Once divorced, women seek menial jobs with low earning hence increased depression and early aging. The children experience aggression among boys and girls are depressed. The overall impact is an unhappy Tajikistan society. The two articles by Tutubalina and Demytrie shows a convergence view on the resultant socio-economic burden that globalization has cost the Tajikistan women from the rampant divorce from their husbands working in Russia.

The overriding economic hardship in Tajikistan force men to seek jobs in the neighboring Russia and subsequently divorce their wives. In Russia, men remarry and start new families. On the other hand, strict moral obligation assigned women in the Tajikistani society limits their freedom to seek similar job opportunities abroad. Besides, the skewed moral expectation on women gives them a limited chance to remarry while their previous husbands are free to do so. The result is increased stepfamilies formed by men abroad. Chances of the stepfamilies meeting are always limited due to the extended stay of Tajikistani men abroad and successful completion of the divorce process. Comparative resources and time allocation between original and new families indicates more concentration on the new families that is closer to the working place. In that respect, men tend to remain in host countries, and virtual forget about their children from previous relationship leading to an emerging family structure under the influence of globalization (Karraker 15). This increased development of new families has been labeled as global families by Karraker.

Considering the deep-seated culture of patriarchy in Tajikistani society, the plight of women has got a long way to go. Despite government efforts to intervene, the evident lacking moral will significantly promote the increased divorce. In this respect, Conflict theory seems to be relevant to the situation of the Tajikistani women. The increasing socio-economic changes that force people to seek opportunities continue to disintegrate families and sends mixed signals in respect of the future of Tajikistan women. According to the theory, Men and women in Tajikistan have different goals that apparently set them on different social and economic path with women focused on family bond and men income (Karraker 21).it is, therefore, worth concluding that the future of Tajikistani women is dark unless appropriate government interventions are created.

 

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