Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

Question 5

People move from one country to the other for different reasons. Some people are forced by circumstances such as civil war, drought or due to the outbreak of diseases. On the other hand, there are people who move from one country to the other to seek better opportunities as they permanently settle on the new land. The different types of movement of people from one country to the other constitute migration. However, people migrating to other countries for different reasons can be named as either immigrants or refugees.

Immigrants are people who permanently seek to reside in another country, other than the countries of their birth. For example, a Kenyan citizen can seek to migrate to the United States of America by applying for American citizenship. In this case, the person declines to be associated with the country of origin and acquire the new citizenship (McCarthy & Vickers, 2012). Most of the people immigrate as they seek to reside in countries that offer better opportunities. The immigration rules are set by individual countries that allow a given amount of the population with specific skills to migrate, live, and work in their country.

On the other hand, a refugee is a person migrating from one country to the other as a means of saving his or her life. Sometimes a country experiences calamities, including political instability, drought or war, forcing innocent citizens to seek temporary habitation from their neighboring countries (McCarthy & Vickers, 2012). For example, most of the Syrian citizens have been migrating to other countries in the Eastern Europe as their country is at war with the rebels. The refugees will return to their country when they are assured that peace has been established. The migration laws allowing refugees to migrate from one country to the other is made by the united nation.

The assimilation experience of an ethnic group new to the United States of America is different for the immigrants and the refugee. The immigrants are allowed to freely get assimilated to the American culture as he or she has all the rights defined for the American citizens. On the other hand, a refugee does not have the right to move and associate with Americans citizens since he or she is limited to a given area.

Question 6

Chain migration is a form of movement where immigrants are allowed to contact and live with their friends and families sharing a common country of origin. It is a common practice that people tend to move together when migrating from one place to the other. For example, when a person migrates to the United States of America, he or she will keep a close contact with his family and friends back home. When the friends finally decide to join him or her in the foreign country, they will most likely migrate to the same neighborhood with the previous immigrant. The process may continue creating a chain of immigrants from the same village in their countries of birth to the same neighborhood in their new countries (Bohning, 2014). The government of the United States of America has a policy that allows new immigrants to identify friends and relatives already working and living in the country where they will move and stay.

The Jews form a popular ethnic group that forms a chain migration in the United States of America. After the Second World War, a majority of the Jews migrated to the United States of America and are popular in states such as Alabama. The high population of the Jews in this State means that there has been a chain migration from Israel and Eastern Europe to the United States of America. The Jews have continued their culture while living in USA.

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