The idea by Frankl in the “Search for meaning” is worth going forward and thinking more about. Frankl makes it clear that man’s mind can be programmed to acting upon freewill. He asserts that attitude is not affected by the physical surrounding of a person but rather their opinion on what affects them Action of man seems to be guided by a blend of spiritual, mental and physical being. In essence, Frankl is emphatic on the significance of the balance on the three for one to survive. Besides, the concept of liberty is key in the social circles and political opinion. If a man is affected by the surrounding they are in, it is only because they are not capable of making a decision that renounces the bad energy that molds them to becoming what the environment makes them in order for them to fit in. The idea implies that inner freedom is only determined by the person’s capability to defy the situations that try to control the level of his spiritual or inner freedom. Frankl supports this argument where he gives an example of the inmates within a prison cell and writes, “But what about human liberty, Is there no spiritual freedom regarding behavior and reaction to any given surrounding?” (Frankl, 63). While many people feel freedom in terms of physical oppression, knowledge holds central role in determining ones freedom.Frankl’s school of though is insightful and emphatic on the power of inner freedom.

Frankl also indicates that suffering should not be looked upon as a negative thing in the human life. He states that human life is incomplete without suffering. This fact he supports by saying that if the human being needs to learn their moral values, they have to evaluate their ability to handle life situations without losing themselves in the process. Poverty, war among other forms of suffering necessitated inventions that are currently enjoyed. Besides, psychological and sociological theories have significantly reversed the perception of man on suffering. Frankl position is consistent with the societal realities and suffering is an integral part of humanity with significant influence in decision making. Frankl writes, “If there is a meaning in life at all, then there must be a meaning in suffering. Suffering is an ineradicable part of life, even as fate and death. Without suffering and death, human life cannot be complete” (Frankl, 65). According to Frankl, the life of a human being is destroyed when they stop seeing their aim in life, their purpose and have lost the reason to which they can carry on (Frankl, 65). These ideas are very applicable to the life of man to know what life means. In essence, suffering provides a convenient avenue of shaping human perception and view on life. The relevance of Frankl argument on the centrality of suffering in human life is evident in the transition so far achieved by the world.

Based on all the philosophers read, doing philosophy is about bringing together facts from a long range of research and supportive theories to create a rational argument (Smith, 2). All the philosophers, in this case, show an independent set of thoughts and also uphold the aspect of wisdom. Philosophy is seen as instrumental in shaping the social norms, political ideologies and economic reforms in the society. The basis of reason is logic which is attributable to philosophy.  It also shows that philosophy is all about virtue and maintaining positivity both physically and mentally in order to grow. Frankl writes, “Love is the only way to grasp another human being in the innermost core of his personality. Frankl argues that humanity is a complex concept that reconciles physical actions with inner spirit. In agreement with Pieper, culture is creation of man through repeated pattern of a particular behavior.  No one can become fully aware of the very essence of another human being unless he loves him” (Frankl, 101). Frankl talks about positive attitude and the ability to make independent decisions while Pieper makes it clear that culture has to be built by breaking the beliefs formed around work and pointless labor. Pieper describes leisure as the ability to do what one is pleased in doing without feeling at war with their inner and physical selves. In fact, leisure is equally introduced as critical in molding emotional stability to balance physical engagement in various activities.

The philosophers also imply that philosophy is all about finding oneself and being able to make a critical analysis of what the person is all about without contradicting themselves. Personal identity is note a mere name. Henry Thoreau writes on the duty of civil disobedience and makes it clear in the beginning that all the clarity was acquired as soon as he took some time alone. The essence of humanity rests with the inner strength. Physical actions are a manifestation of the inner feelings and reflect the true character and identity of an individual. The philosopher writes at the beginning of the book; “When I wrote the following pages, or rather the bulk of them, I lived alone, in the woods, a mile from any neighbor, in a house which I had built myself, on the shore of Walden Pond in Concord, Massachusetts, and earned my living by the labor of my hands only” (Thoreau, 2). Philosophy explores the need to asses oneself and identifies the key attributes that define ones personality. In line with the concepts of personality development, Henry Thoreau is emphatic on the need to embrace creativity through expression of oneself.

The philosophers, in this case, think doing philosophy is so important since it helps create a deeper understanding of oneself and give meaning to life (Plato). The ability of an individual to act within the limits of specific capability is subject to the extent of knowing oneself. In fact, most of the misunderstandings in the society is due to the fallacies that surrounding several cultural basis. Concepts like brainwashing overrides the force of internal ability and it takes strong conviction to break away from the slavery of limited self-knowledge. . Philosophers offer foresighted ideologies that capture the diversity of humanity practices and the centrality of social frameworks in as far as expectation of the society is concerned. The philosophers believe that the aspects created by the human mind and surrounding the human being have led to the wrong perspectives on life and, therefore, most human beings end up wasting away in lack of knowledge

A good example is when Thoreau Henry supports the idea of leisure by Josef Pieper and writes, “Most men, even in this comparatively free country, through mere ignorance and mistake, are so occupied with the factitious cares and superfluously coarse labors of life that its finer fruits cannot be plucked by them…. The laboring man has not leisure for a true integrity day by day; …He has no time to be anything but a machine” (Pieper, Thoreau, 4).The convergence of opinion between philosophers is evident in their respective claim towards different aspects of human beliefs. Besides, leisure is one part of social life that people overlook. Such is an example of self-denial that arises from explicit ignorance. Frankl is of the same idea that if not for the pressure of conformity from the surrounding leisure should be a must.

There is a similarity in Frankl’s work and the ideas brought forth by Thoreau. The overwhelming pressure to deliver in workplace sucks out ones energy and it takes leisure to rejuvenate. In view of Thoreau Henry, creating time for physical rest and spiritual meditation is key to better life.  Frankl explains that it is very easy for a human being to conform to what surrounds them and thus be driven to act upon the same. Without knowledge of the human capabilities, Frankl states that it is possible for them to be shaped by their circumstances. He writes; “Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms — to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s way” (Frankl, 11, 64).  Thoreau implies the same when he writes on simplicity and the fact that human beings are spiritually oppressed with worry and constraint by trying too hard to live according to what the society feels is right for them. Man’s effort to conform is the main obstacle to freedom. The society is constructed in a way that roles seem well designed. The fear of contravening the set pattern of behavior obscures man’s vision and efforts to change status quo. It takes personal initiative to disobey norms and effect change despite obvious opposition. However, as the philosophers jointly oppose, such rigid social constraints can be overcome through self-assessment, acceptance and decision to act He writes, “With respect to luxuries and comforts, the wisest have ever lived a more simple and meager life than the poor. The ancient philosophers, Chinese, Hindoo, Persian, and Greek, were a class than which none has been poorer in outward riches, none so rich in inward” (Thoreau, 25).






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