Pediatric Nursing

Pediatric Nursing
Reflect on the criteria for evaluating theory-testing research outlined by Acton, Irvin and Hopkins (1996). In your perspective should the criteria for evaluating theory-testing research differ from the criteria for evaluating research in general? Provide references to support your position.
In my perspective the criteria used to evaluate the theory-testing research should not be different from the criteria used to evaluate research in general. Theory-testing research helps in evaluating how well the predictions and explanations from the theory hold up which in turn helps in refining the theory into more useful and clearer depiction of the reality (Rooke & Kagioglou, 2007). Therefore, it requires a more rigorous testing criterion to adequately test the theory. However, the criteria for evaluating research in general need be more rigorous as well because it is used in organizing the study while the criteria for evaluating theory-testing research that is used in knowing the validity of the theory’s underlying tenets to avoid erroneous analysis and interpretation of data (Friedman, 2003).
On the other hand, both the theory-testing research and the research in general requires conducting of extensive research of the past studies to provide a logical base for the current research as well as an understanding of the previous theoretic work (Rooke & Kagioglou, 2007). This helps in evaluating the research and theory before it is used as the foundation for the study and to accomplish that in an effective manner, the criteria for evaluation should be the same to ensure reliability, validity and accuracy. In addition, the evaluation criteria should be the same to ensure there is empirical validation of both the theory and the research in general so as to not only enhance the development of the nursing science but also enhance the carrying of further research (Friedman, 2003). This ensures the instruments used in both cases are theoretically reliable and valid.

Pediatric Nursing refers to a medical care of the children and neonates up to adolescence usually in an in-patient day-clinic or hospital. Therefore, pediatric nurses give care to the children, infants and adolescents as they know more regarding the children’s growth and development.  Such nurses have to be highly skilled at communication with the caregivers and patients themselves. Pediatric nursing entails assessing the needs of the patients and then providing initial patient care as well as helping families deal with the injury of illness of a child by offering information on diet, nutrition and good health habits. Pediatric nurses work in immunization centers or hospitals, clinic, doctor’s office or outpatient care centers.

The many duties of pediatric patients include documentation of the medical history and symptoms of the patients for the doctor to review. In addition, they draw blood, give medication and administer childhood vaccinations. On the other hand, they help the pediatrician during the examination of the patient. However, other duties of the pediatric nurse results from further specialization like pediatric cardiology, oncology and dermatology.

Pediatric nurses provide care before and after operations, treat wounds, deal with emergencies, take samples from the patients and monitor their blood pressure, temperature and pulse, check the conditions of the patients and monitor functions like respiration. In addition, they are responsible for monitoring and administering intravenous infusions and blood transfusions. Pediatric nursing ensures patients and relatives get information, reassurance and emotional support as well as adherence to strict safety, hygiene and health rules.


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