Memory Psychology

Introduction

This article offers an insight into the concept of infant memory. The author is critical in application of structural equation modeling as the tool to assess how infants’ memory develops. The study explore three main aspects of memory that include; recognition, recall, and short-term memory. The presentation of the topic is clear and precise in terms of its goals. The article further breakdown declarative memory as constituting recognition and recall (Rose, Feldman, Jankowski, & Van Rossem, 2010). Besides, recognition has two critical processes; familiarity with an object and ability to recall it. The overriding theme spelt out from the introduction is an attempt to establish similarity in memory concepts between the infants ad adult. The introduction explains in-depths the steps that will be taken to accomplish the research so as to ascertain the advanced theories on the topic.

Hypothesis

Although in the article hypothesis is not stated as part of the content, deductive approach towards the introduction and hints on the discussion creates room to draw expectations. In this research, there will be the null and alternate hypothesis that needs to be rejected or otherwise towards ascertaining the presented argument.

Null Hypotheses;

Ho: The three distinctions that are fundamental to adult memory apply to memory in the infant and toddler years.

Alternate Hypothesis

H0: The three distinctions that are fundamental to adult memory do not apply to memory in the infant and toddler years.

Methods

The research design applied in this study is effective towards reliable outcome. The sample population was derived from full term and preterm infants within a standardized environment .In fact, the preterm children were tested on corrected age that reflected their exact date of birth. Carrying out test on the infants’ memory in an interval of years provided the best approach to track and record memory development changes through transition to other stages of life (Rose, Feldman, Jankowski, & Van Rossem, 2010). Recognition, recall memory, and short term memory were measured through different scientifically certified techniques that focused on valid and reliable results. Multivariate and univariate distribution was used to determine the existing relationships. However, the research analysis did not use any statistical test of significance to boost interpretation of variables.

Result

The test results were presented in multiple statistical tools to aid in interpretation of the outcome. P-values were particularly dominant in the experiment to show the correlation among variables. It is worth to note that application of three factor model is useful and relevant in the multivariate outcome. The intercorrelation of all measurements is clearly presented in the form of descriptive statistics. While two factor model was also used, the three factor model ensured that all memory measures that include recognition ,recall, and span were subject to different factors that were assumed as influenced by prematurity of the infants.

Discussion

The discussion part vividly drew the relationship among variables. It focused on explaining whether the hypothetical question was answered. The study captured several critical and unique qualities SEM was effectively used to establish the organization of memory among infants. The research findings established the underlying assumptions surrounding recognition memory process (Rose, Feldman, Jankowski, & Van Rossem, 2010). The three concepts of memory, their structural and functional pattern were qualitatively and quantitatively proven to be similar between the infants and adults. The topic is still under further research to fill existing information gaps. The overall reliability and validity of the article findings are supported by scholarly literature review on the topic.

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