Influence of Weather on Spectators’ attendance of FIFA World Cup 2022

Football is a uniting factor. Nearly everyone loves it and can play it. There are different leagues and kind of matches everywhere in the globe. You can play it as a profession or just for fun with guys around you. It cuts across the gender barriers. However you can also be a fun, a spectator of a match. Over million populations are spectators of football matches. Actually considering a motivation factor of an athlete the aspect of having spectators around is a key factor. This paper consists of a research carried out on whether the weather conditions can influence the attendance of spectators during the 2022 FIFA world cup if it is held during summer.

FIFA means the federation of international football association. It acts as a governing body of football sports international. After every four years they hold a tournament known as FIFA world cup after every four years and teams from all over the world can only participate after getting to qualify. The aims and objectives of these case study is to determine how the effects of extreme weather conditions can affect the attendance of the spectators during 2022 FIFA world cup if played during summer.

During the research various methods were considered and used to collect the required data. They used the number of spectators who attended various FIFA world cup matches from different periods and were correlated the three variables which are the weather conditions. These were temperature heat index and humidity. More emphasis was placed on matches that were played over the past 20 years in order to decrease the possible influenced caused by the development in economy, transportation costs and the stadium facilities, the standard of living and lastly the acceptance of football on the spectators attendance. Before using these parameters for the test, the assumptions of normality had been verified using the S Shapiro – Wilk W test. They used Pearson product – moment correlation coefficients which were calculated in order to determine whether the number of spectators and various weather conditions that is temperature, relative humidity and heat index were related. The magnitude of these correlations was also determined using a modified scale of Hopkins. It goes as follows

Below 0.1 trivial

Above 0.1 but below 0.3 small

Above 0.3 but below 0.5 moderate

Above 0.5 but below 0.7 large

Above 0.7 but below 0.9 very large

Above 0.9 – but below 1 nearly perfect

Above 1 perfect

Much significance and meaningful acceptance of the correlations were set at 5 % meaning p is less or equal to 0.5 and large to perfect in respective manner.  Results are as shown on the figure that follows up.  The means of spectator’s number, temperature, relatively humidity and heat index during the last five football world cup are 3178856 ± 319917 spectators, 18± 3.18, 70 Celsius ± 13.44 and 17 %± 3.42 respectively.

The first graphs a, b; c represents the means of spectator’s numbers and weather variables taken into account during every match of FIFA world cup for the past five world cups.

The results had negative correlation as observed between spectator’s numbers and various weather variables. As mentioned in table 1 none of these correlations were statistically significant. Trivial and small correlations were observed between spectator’s numbers and both temperature and heat index respectively.  (Table 1). A trend of significant correlation was observed between the spectator’s number and relative humidity. (Table 1). Despite non-significant, this correlation is considered meaningful.

In discussion, the negative correlations that is trivial to large, between the spectators number and various weather variables would mean  that when the temperature and relatively humidity increases the number of spectators decreases. The possible explanations of the non –significance of these correlations might be that of the relative humidity range still under 29 which means absence of discomfort (Figure 1). The highest heat index of the host countries in the past last five years world cup was 22 that were in South Korea. However the expected temperature of June and July in Qatar is expected to be 40 degrees Celsius and the humidity index is 43 % and thus the heat index will be at 50%. These data would suggest a high significant correlation between the spectator’s number and the heat index taking into account the temperature and relative humidity.

In conclusion a possible negative influence of Qatar weather during the summer on the spectator’s attendance is highly expected. Thus, the decision taken by FIFA to change the World Cup to December is appropriate.

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