The Important of Technology in Contemporary Design

Technology is a process in which outputs are converted from inputs like a computer, labour and electricity combined to produce something. This terminology is relatively new to contemporary design literature (Vellinga and Asquith, 26). Regardless of its widespread and high significance, their great inconsistency and ambiguity in the use of technology. Most scientists have defined technology as a scientific and systematic process operation in connection with industrial activities which can have been categorised generally to non-industrial groups. Other scientists have defined technology as tools of study, approaches and methods that can be exploited in different industrial fields. In summation, technology is a key factor for transforming resources, natural, into services and work.

Technology can be defined as a technique and method of manufacturing technical tools and machines to achieve convenience and facilitate task accomplishment. Art, on the other hand, is considered to be an imagination and skill of creating beautiful and unique objects (Mamun, 42). Technological and art industry is essential in modern life, and their exploitation is guaranteed. Different scholars have defined technology in relation to architecture differently. Some argue that architecture and technology are human life activities. According to Mamun (65), both architecture and technology are ways if fulfilling a task while others debate that architecture and technology are used for identifying and depicting realities.

Technology forms are a huge part of our society and future. There is no space for people that oppose technology. It is worth noting believe technological advantage has a disadvantage at the same time. Modern technology helps us stay in touch, regardless of distance. They are reliable, and their safety is quite relative (Jones et al., 98). Though this connection is important, it is disadvantageous in that people will no longer have the much-needed face to face communication, interpersonal relationships will be strained since people are communicating through devices. Smartphones are used semi-continuously by their owners, even in public places where they mingle and interact with current and new friends.

Technology is a great thing. It definitely, has got some advantages. However, with each technological advancement and tool, we discover advantages as well as disadvantages. In most circumstances, technological shortcomings are overlooked by its users. Other users use technology to enjoy bullying, shaming, and stalking.

Section 1

Importing Technology for Contemporary Design

Technology is a combination of knowledge, skills, equipment, tools, computers and machines utilised by an organisation. Astronomical technological developments have created complex technology that is challenging to use and manage in an organisation. The contemporary design utilises complex technology which requires a flexible structure and manager.

Global proponents for better design argue that contemporary design firms should either import or export technologies in the embodiment of technological know how. By importing technology, dampens efforts for countries to develop design technologies that have negative consequences in local abilities and construction prospects in the long run. Imported technologies that are naturally disembodied and acquired through contracts and businesses with foreign firms will positively impact design.

Parametric design

Patrick Schumacher has strongly promoted parametricism.  Parametricism is a useful tool and an enabler for a new aesthetic and architecture (Schumacher, 2009). Parametricism implies that architecture must not be confined with axes, regularity and symmetry. This is a contrast from traditional architecture. Corners, right angles, straight lines and repetition elements are avoided in this concept.

Parametricism for Patrick is a response, deliberate nonetheless, to a society which is increasingly heterogeneous. Parametricism aims to develop an urban and architectural repertoire that is ready and able to create polycentric, complex urban fields with dense layers and continuous differences.

It is useless to debate the fragmentation and heterogeneity of the modern society. This society needs or wants a heterogeneous architecture that will strike the society as idiosyncratic. Modern society is described by choice confusion in music, movies, entertainment, clothes, food and information. This is evident in the variety of building designs, traditional and avant-garde, familiar or unusual, morphological and/or Cartesian.

The parametric software can be effectively used to create unfamiliar forms. Repetitive operations will be taken over by computation in the process of designing. Parametricism uses technology-based designs to show the technological capacities.

The Importance of Technology in Contemporary Design

Many studies argue that the manifestation of the world is a Supreme Being. Therefore, the testimonial nature is an expression and reflection of all Godly virtues and qualities. Many argue that the creations and achievements of man are also a manifestation of God. Technology is significant and a useful tool of the innovativeness and creativeness of humankind (Mamun, 73). It is, therefore, arguable that technology is a key aspect in human kind essence and manifestation. Like art, technology develops and reaches maturity. It also acquires position and significance of contemporary design. In such a case, technology is not a threat to human life, but rather a tool and opportunity for the facilitation and advancement of human life.

Similar to a broken glass which can be collected and attached, a human being, traditional, can use technology to organise, and categorise artefacts and phenomena. Using technology in processes is a supreme and sublime achievement; case in point, technology use is in line with a unique purpose to achieve perfection (Jones et al., 102). A human being can organise existence elements to create order and harmony. Technology is considered as a supplement of accomplishments and achievements by traditional architects. Traditional architects do not have direct credit claim to their great contributions and values to architecture.

There is a noticeable contrast between Asian architects and current architects. This difference is so huge regardless of the fact that current researchers and architects have the advantage of new technology. Most current buildings have serious construction defects, such as lots of dismal, dark, non-functional, useless, and unneeded spaces. Non-perfect constructions are summation results of disorganised and non-systematic designing with no identifiable compatibility and connection between two or more different parts. The globalisation process has realised time density and space (Ching, Mark & Vikramaditya, 35).

In traditional Asian architecture, the architect would be able to exploit both technology and expertise to create compatibility and consistency between different building parts. Thus technology and art were integrated well (Rashid and Dilshad, 23). Permanence, stability and compatibility are the key characteristics of Asian architecture. These characteristics were meaningfully and finely embedded in the architectural constructions’ framework of the past. It can, therefore, be contended that technology and science should be exploited with outstanding regard to peculiarities and features of specific and local areas.

Currently, the undesirable city conditions and the often human being social crisis have greatly impacted in the identification and eradication of authentic residential and human being areas. Originality and identity have become challenging in the modern world (Jones et al., 49). Since the identity notion originates from historical consistency and progress, the conservative human has attempted to adopt a standardised Asian approach in retaining his true identity while connecting to the Supreme Being. This attempt has produced both abstract and ethical effects and physical and concrete manifestations (Yin, 63). Urban constructions and architecture are the products of society and human being interactions. With this in mind, history has a unique impact and effect on architecture, therefore it can be contended that architecture exceeds simple building meaning limits by reflecting the resident identity (Rashid and Dilshad, 39).

Just like the past, architecture has exploited specific types of technology; traditional and modern technology. Traditional technology is rarely documented, but modern technology is consistently written and documented (Asquith and Marcel, 75). Various traditional architecture methods are describable, but the basic underlying theory is defined by the need of traditional technology. Expert skill and knowledge were for service for industrial experts in traditional technology, unlike modern technology where new expertise and knowledge are in service for scholars. Conventions and local culture devised the basis for traditional technology whereas modern technology is motivated from society viewpoints and new outlooks.

`  Modern technology plays a huge role in identity eradication and space importance and elements of architecture (Dawson and John, 71). As per traditional architecture, for instance, a fireplace presence in residential living room building offered a socialising and gathering tool for family members promoting and/or developing an intimacy sense. However, the modern architecture has eliminated fireplace presence resulting in the placement of modern and new equipment which lack to meet or fulfil spiritual and social roles.

Modern technology application has created discrete and independent space elements and has led to industrialisation and mechanisation of architecture. These circumstances have made it almost impossible for architecture to play a transformative role in technology conception towards special humanistic ideas in values relating to space. The architecture nature as a result as given way a technological event and this technological event will, in turn, be changed into a humanistic phenomenon (Dawson and John, 85).

Pillar fewer buildings and thick walls with huge outfalls and flexible and amusing spaces can be adjusted to fit specific individual needs. This is one of the positive impacts of technology on architecture. House is a life machine. Some architects believe that technology has led to the advancement of architecture. The merit and value of technology are in the beauty and innovation of architecture (Engel, 39). Unforeseen and unprecedented developments have been reached by technology. Any form of audacious and innovative design is possible with technology. Technology developments should not be constricted to construction structures rather the technology effect on architecture is noticeable in most if not all industrial production aspects which are applied and exploited in architecture (Asquith and Marcel, 81).

The Beyond the two-dimensional notion in human beings minds has been realised by computer utilisation in architecture. Photoproduction from computer related software like 3Dmax, AutoCAD and Photoshop can show and simulate any space designs of structures before construction.

There is a universal acceptance to modern architecture which facilitates flexible designs that result from structural complexities like those in beams and posts as contrasted by element portability, load bearing building, prefabrication and standardisation. Technology has facilitated removable and movable walls that do not bear loads.

Smart architecture has been emphasised increasingly by researchers, as an architecture that can grow in relation to user needs which constantly change and prefer the presence of organic elements. The incremental growth of this process defines the traditional architecture, with some complex and rigour designs than modern architecture models which are generic and has been marginalised (Engel, 43).

Smart City

Smart cities are products of intelligent and smart solutions and technology which facilitate the adoption of a minimum of five of eight smart city parameters. These characteristics are smart energy, smart technology, smart infrastructure, smart buildings, smart governance, smart mobility, smart security, smart citizen and smart healthcare (Bourdier and Trinh, 56).

Smart security and smart governance entail issuing of digital services and policies by the government to aid and enable the implementation and adoption of intelligent and green solutions by way of subsidies and incentives. Citizens should be able to access government services by digital means at a hundred percent rate (Bourdier and Trinh, 61). Virtual classrooms, computer-based training, and distance learning will be the keys to education. There should be a reduction to below fifty percent in the crime rate. Urban security systems will be in place with identification management, cyber security and critical infrastructure protection.

There will be limited or no digital divide. There will be a considerable decrease in the informational gap between the haves and have-nots in smart cities unlike the current trend where cloud computing usage has increased tremendously, their cyber warfare, ongoing deployment of 4G, mesh networking and cyber warfare.

Currently, there is significant use of bio-enhanced fuels and inductive charges. In a smart city, homes, cities and offices will be powered by kinetic energy which will be collected from cycling and walking. There are projections that by the year 2020 multi-segmented grids, the photovoltaic glass will arrive.

Smart homes will be available in smart cities. These smart homes will be characterised by movable walls which have close and relatively high-performance modern housing (Forster, 59. The applications that will be used to control home security and lighting will be wireless devices with high prevalence. Currently, there is a wide usage of smart appliances like next generation microwave ovens, refrigerators and air conditioners that are internet enabled.

Unlike the current healthcare where doctors prescribe medicine to the patient, the smart city healthcare will have merged health and social network records creating a sharing and effective medical society with access to all relevant information.

Section 2

Low Technology Critique

Though low-tech is immensely undervalued in contemporary design movement, it is very important. Architecture enthusiasts of technology, cutting-edge, have claimed eagerly that high tech is the only offspring of progressive modern ideas. They mostly claim that high-tech transformed ideas, modernist, to the existing mainstream concepts of automatization, mass production and the introduction of computers and other machines into architecture. Modernist technology references are a mere derivative of basic humanistic ideas.

Scholars have stated that Modernism is not a style rather a collection of loose ideas. Utopia search is one key feature for modernism- eagerness in changing or believing that the world will change shortly to a better place. Modernism also considers individual and societal health. By linking technology with architectural industry, these inspirations, ideological, are balanced.

Low tech movement promotes recycled and unprocessed material like straw, unburnt earth, old tyres, bamboo and recycled paper. However, this movement is overlooked. Its significance is underrated irrespective of its embodiment in many key ideas that helped create and shape contemporary architecture. This marginalisation is a result of different reasons. The low-tech movement does not appeal to architectural magazine photographers, but it questions economic growth.

Analysts face unique challenges in defining the movement; like what is low tech? As a result, low tech enthusiasts must establish its definition and contrast it with high tech. Other architects have argued that low tech is a high-tech negation which embodies itself in materials and tools and it is a product of creator attitude with specific mid sets.

The tsunami resistance house is an architectural experimental project design that attempts to find different ways of building houses using substitute construction materials for resettling tsunami affected individuals in Sri Lanka. This project critiques the standard housing design in Sri Lanka that has failed to restrict the tsunami effect. Sri Lankan citizens blindly follow what they are told in the media and political campaigns. Made in Earth design criticises the standard design approaches by introducing new ways of planning configuration, material use, and orientation to make houses more resistant to tsunami attacks. Parametric design is used in simulation and calculation. A lot of architects, who use parametric, develop new designs in an attractive and fashionable form. Other architects have disagreed with Schumacher and the use of his parametric design claiming that it will never benefit poor people, particularly those in Sri Lanka. It mainly serves neo-liberalism and capitalism like commercial projects.

Chi She Art Gallery exploited both neo-liberal and traditional construction forms. The material used is traditional; brick. However, the brick is not used in the traditional way. The use of design software and robot in wall construction mad it possible for to the gallery exhibits altitude in favour of realism; attempting to achieve special appeal, harmonious integration with the environment and creating a formal representation which corresponds with the mission, artistic, embedded inside. The building will be looked at for a provision a unique and abundant art space containing varied artistic occasions like creative workshops, unforeseen communication and oddities (Young and Michiko, 43). The initial walls, exterior, were retained which was followed by basic performance advancement and structure reinforcement. This was done to offer maximum space for exhibition. To maintain the space sensitivity of the Chi She Art Gallery, the roof has been partially elevated to create space between where people can view the sky. Additionally, the structure of the roof has been replaced by lightweight tensioning string wood like structure which in partly efficient in obtaining skylight and show climate changes offering a sense of order and harmony (Young and Michiko, 49).  Furthermore, the greenish grey bricks coordinate with the monumental building on the exterior part at the main park interface. The entrance wall is curled up generating a wrinkled like wall texture forming the best form of part manipulation. This manipulation shows architectural expressions which are a profile embodying the existing cultural trends that are tradition reliant.

Conclusion

The societal population has increased greatly. This has changed both the specific and general people’s needs, hence, construction methods and styles together with building materials should be re-examined and changed accordingly. In this article, I have emphasised the employment of consistent technologies with cultural, local, practical, and economic factors in the society. Therefore, relevant and appropriate technologies should be utilised by the architect to avail him/her with the best tools and resolution. The arrival of the industrial revolution in westernised societies and use of better building materials, construction technologies have been improved and materials like concrete and steel began to be used in the construction of buildings.

In the modern architectural debate, the tendency of placing contemporary designs in a hermetic class where both modern and traditional examples, displaced from each other, therefore undermining any transmission possibility of lessons and notions between the two irrespective of findings, emerging, from research studies where environmental perception and technological advancements and knowledge are uniquely modern. These tendencies limit the development promise of sustainable architecture.

Local contemporary designs offer a unique rich repertoire of knowledge, architectural, in the design field, sustainable tactics, innovations and theoretical fields. Solutions, local, are honed by social and culture logic (Oliver, 2003) therefore adding a special meaning to designs. Most criteria for defining modernist design have occasionally been implied to be radical innovations, inspired by traditional designs where cultural, special, social, technological, aesthetic, and physical factors combine to form a challenging definition.

 

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