Hypothalamus And How It Affects Evolution

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Hypothalamus And How It Affects Evolution

Hypothalamus is the part of the brain which is responsible for the production of several essential body hormones- chemical substances that assist in controlling different body organs and cells. It is an important part in the evolution of man. The hormones produced by the hypothalamus help in governing the physiologic functions including release of other body hormones, sex drive, mood, sleep, hunger, thirst and temperature regulation. This is part of the hypothalamus capability’s to determine and organize our survival behaviors such fighting, feeding, fleeing and mating as a species (Carlson, 2013). A major reason for our ability to adapt the world at it prevails. As part of the brain, hypothalamus houses the pituitary gland as well as other gland with the body. Physiologically, hypothalamus helps in the maintenance of the internal balance of the body a process known as the homeostasis. It generally forms the connection between the nervous and the endocrine systems. Most importantly, even though the hypothalamus is a small section of the brain it is engaged in quite a number of necessary processes of the body including determining psychological behaviors, and body endocrine functions including growth and development and metabolism (Morgane, & Panksepp, 2015).

Now while focusing basically on the physiology of the endocrine system, the endocrine system functions alongside the body nervous system thus contributing to the formation of the body control system. In that regard, the nervous system offers a very fast and also a very narrowly targeted system that turns on the specific muscles and glands throughout the body (Association for Research in Nervous and Mental Disease 2016). On the other hand, endocrine system is relatively much slower in acting, though it has a very widespread, lasting and powerful impact. The produced hormones are spread by the glands through the body blood stream system to the entire body system, thus impacting the body cells having specific receptor for only a particular hormone. As part of the development process of the hypothalamus, it is made up several nuclei with distinct neuronal populations generating several neurotransmitters and neuropeptides that are responsible for transmission of signal necessary for the adaptation, through evolution, to different world conditions. Most of these hormones affect cells in various body organs which lead to the power and diverse body responses that affect our abilities to adapt different world conditions based on our psychological reasoning aspects as influenced by the hypothalamus as the control system (Development of the Hypothalamus, 2015).

 

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