Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories Paper

Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories

The personality of any individual is as distinctive as their fingerprint. The existential and humanistic theories of personality thus enable the illustration of these together with self-actualization, existentialism, personal-centered theories and motivation. The humanistic theory of self-motivation is brought out by Abraham Maslow in his theory of hierarchy needs. According to the theory, man creates a situation of self-actualization (Boeree, 2008). The situation is created with the disparity of the individual’s high-level needs as well as the low-level needs. The low-level needs are used to reach the high-level needs. They are, however, situations in which some low-level needs are left unachieved, in the struggle to achieve the bigger goal.

The Client-centered theory by Carl Roger is a humanistic approach of a formative tendency. He believed that all substances are either classified as organic or inorganic. They are also developed from uncomplicated structures of other complicated structures. From his viewpoint, self and self-actualization are aggravated by motivations, with an interest to satisfy one’s needs and recognize individual personality (Boeree, 2008). However, disorganization defensiveness and incongruence are prone to happen, and they are regrettably a hindrance to psychological health. The theory however clearly identifies personal development as a model of the growth of individuality.

Application of existential psychology is clearly explained by May who summarizes the significance of Roger’s and Maslow’s humanistic theories. His methodology enhances the comprehension of psychology being a clinical practice. For instance, he explains that people who cannot contain their fortune and tolerance focus on recognition and rejection. He also notes that the existence of human beings is created through transformation and development, the precision of the direction of development, the different senses in life and the use of an anti-theoretical approach.

Effects to Individual Personalities

Existential theory of personality explains the significance of being human as well as the preciseness of an individual’s psychological subsistence. May supposed that human personality is not just a factor to mere individualism, but a factor to survival. He stresses that one needs to admit the existence of everything in the universe for one to recognize oneself (Feist&Feist, 2009). Similarly, he explains that various individuals tolerate depression and anxiety, which are brought about by reality and individuality. Without transparent reflection of individuality, one may not deviate from recognizing oneself.

Even with the ability to lose the sense of touch, individuals find themselves boasting a healthy sense of themselves referred to as Eigenwelt.  Eigenwelt is the association of a person’s self with the consciousness of an occurrence, gaining familiarity. The theory asserts that a person would admit understanding existence and death. The existence concept is required for an individual to be conscious of inexistence and be free of death.

The theory also acknowledges encounters and strives of individual life. For one to achieve complete capability, one would need to encounter typical anxiety, and at the same time experience transformation and development. Experiencing anxiety is a natural course of existence. However, neurotic anxiety is abnormally experienced by people who have not yet submitted to life strives and encounters (Feist&Feist, 2009). When one denies the existence of life strives and the reality of hardships, they are attacked by guilt. Guilt is divided into positive and negative, and its part of individual personality.  If one brings guilt along towards the achievement of their potential, a healthy personality develops compared to that caused by neurotic anxiety since It gives a sense of freedom.

Humanism is a wider range of analyzing personality, in comparison to existentialism. It puts emphasis on the meaning of person and human standards. It is explained according to the theories of Rogers and Maslow. Rogers’ theory emphasizes that people struggle to improve their being. The entire human body is thus created by its force, which enables the struggle to improve one’s being. His theory asserts that every person is responsible for their life. This is unlike the theory of existentialism. Rogers also believes that the physical and psychological wants of a person need to be satisfied to reach individual capability (Feist&Feist, 2009). Self-actualization thus depends on this capability.

The interpretation of the encounters in the life of an individual determines the differences that happen in the life of various individual. For instance, when encounters are unenhanced they are seen as dreadful while those that are appreciated improve potential. Significantly, it is important for any individual to receive positive favor at some point in development. The theory claims that failure of positive favor brings problems at the stages of self-actualization. Achieving self-actualization is thus highly inspired by willpower.

Abraham Maslow concentrated on the positive personality aspects. He captivated on the relevance that individuals’ behavior relevance as well as the manner in which they are stimulated to achieve the finest in their existence. He believed those human beings’ wants and desires were a hierarchy of needs.  The hierarchy ranges from psychological, esteem, love, protection, self-actualization and security. He also argues that self-actualization of every human being could be based on the idea of a likelihood of an individual being termed as a good person (Feist&Feist, 2009). Every human being thus possesses a necessity to achieve prospectively. He also explains that one may be unaware of the reason behind their behavior, but they will persist to maintain existence so as to achieve actualization of self.

Effect on Interpersonal Relationships

In relation to May’s existential theory, guilt is an important aspect of interpersonal relationships between various human beings. The seclusion of one person from others is brought about by the aspect of guilt as well as anxiety. The reality of the prejudice senses of an individual can be realized in relation to other people. The prejudice conclusion is frequently turned up with inaccuracy, and the inability to achieve the wants of others (Dietch, 2008). The result of this is guilt. The welfare of any individual is thus attached to the ability of development of a healthy interpersonal relationship. Also, the theory of existentialism observes that one is left on their own if their actions of preference are up to that person alone.

Humanistic theory, just like existential, emphasizes on the relevance of interpersonal relationships. Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs brings out love and belongingness as necessities of individuals to actualize self and reach the desired individualism. Interpersonal relationships are thus important aspects in the molding of individual personality. The feeling of belongingness, as well as compassion, is thus essential for the creation of inadequacies, bringing about the process of craving for self-actualization (Dietch, 2008). Research over the years has also brought out the conclusion that people who are in romantic relationships possess high levels of self-actualization than those who are not. This can be tied to the love and belongingness they experience from their partners.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, as seen above, Existential theory of personality explains the significance of being human as well as the preciseness of an individual’s psychological subsistence. May supposed that human personality is not just a factor to mere individualism, but a factor to survival. Humanism, on the other hand, puts emphasis on the meaning of person and human standards. Rogers’ theory emphasizes that people struggle to improve their being. The entire human body is thus created on its force, which enables the struggle to improve one’s being. His theory thus asserts that every person is responsible for their life. The essay looks at the two forms of theories in relation to individual personality as well as the relation of oneself to other people.

Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100
Use the following coupon code :
SKYSAVE