Gender Role Behaviors and Attitudes

The gender signals that define a person as a male or a female are perceived to be natural by most people. This is usually not the case since these signals are typically modeled by the cultural values that link to both males and females. These signals and characteristics are neither biological nor psychological but instead are cultural constructions of what a girl or a boy should look and act like. This is to say that these signals can make a lady define as a man and a man define as a lady in relation to the cultural responsibility.

Masculinity and femininity are the collection of group of characteristics that the society uses to identify and calcify and individual by gender. Masculinity defines a person as a male and femininity defines a person as a female.  These two clusters define the sex and gender roles and positions of individuals in the society. Masculinity is characterized by aggression and dominance while femininity is characterized by submission and passivity. These characteristics does not put forth the two clusters as a systematic relationship to each other but rather appear as approaches to the same question of central control of goals means and use of power.

Most members of the society view activities and modes 0of expression as feminine although these are always displayed by both genders. Although most people believe that the behaviors of individuals in the society are dictated by their sexual status, research has shown that dominating individuals of either gender always use the influence actions and verbal styles that relate to men and masculinity where as the inferior group always show the characteristics of femininity. This is therefore evidence that femininity and masculinity are a result of status inequalities.

The mostly known notions of the femininity and masculinity revolve around the hierarchical judgment of the cultural roles of the males and females. Both males and females are perceived to share some human characteristic though in different proportions. Although females and males take same roles, there is some degree of division of roles and responsibilities based on the gender differences. Taking roles of a different gender may lead to poor results or in the case where relevant success is achieved in those roles, the role takers are always criticized by the society.

Currently, in North American society, there is a patriarchal gender schema that reserves highly important qualities for males and supports the high evaluation of the behaviors that may unintentionally be associated with maleness. The schema works on the principle that the superiority of males is a natural product of the inborn susceptibility of males to aggression and dominance that source from evolution and biology. The female attributes are also believed to source from predisposition to evolution. Females are viewed as the people who take role in the maternity and child caring activities and are believed to be dependent on men for their keep up.

Traditional formulation perceives femininity as a continued and warm relationship with man and as a sense of maternity. This perception dictates the females as heterosexually individuals and is therefore required to talk, walk and dress in a manner that is likely to attract man.

Body postures that demonstrate subordination by means of minimizing the use of space describe femininity. These demonstrations may include keeping of the arm close to the body, sitting in a position with the legs held together and avoiding all possibilities to keep the head high in public. Again, femininity is also shown by appeasement gesture like smiling most of the time. Women are always seen as peace seekers. They strive to avoid conflicts by always being apologetic and pleasant. People who speak softly, put on dresses that restrict the movement of their bodies and have dresses that show off some parts of their bodies are feminine.

Masculinity is characterized by different attributes. People who display success, appear naturally tough, avoid feminine behaviors, appear violent, always aggressive, highly confident and self reliant are said to exhibit masculinity. These support the ideology that masculinity results from excess testosterone.

Masculinity requires individuals of the society to arrange themselves in a way that relates to achievement of success. The masculine individuals should show the spirit of competition and toughness. They should display actions that are not driven by emotions so as to avoid being vulnerable to the consequences that may come along.

Holding arms away from the body, making bold speeches, dressing in a manner that portrays superiority, being authoritative, putting on a tough and serious facial expression, being outstanding all the time and maintaining an erect posture and making abrupt and stiff movement are all qualities that describes masculinity.

The North American schema puts forth the evidence that makes a conclusion that the males and females exhibit behaviors that are socially modeled. Specifically, females are viewed are child bearing individuals. This makes them inferior in the society and as a result become dependent on the males for survival. The schema also describes males as the most dominant individuals in the society. This division of superiority is the drawing factor that puts the drawing line of gender and hence dictates the roles and responsibilities in the society.

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