FOREST POLICIES AND MANAGEMENT IN CANADA

Introduction

Federal, provincial and territorial government of Canada has discovered that the forest and its vast resources are very important for the long- term well- being of the country’s economy, environment and the community (Howlett, 2002). Therefore, various forestry companies and the government have set forward policies for the management of the forest.  The policies will also ensure that it is not only the present generation that is enjoying the benefits of the forest but also the generation to come. The management of the Canadian Forestry is also important at the global level because it contributes to 10% of the world’s forest. It follows therefore that preserving it significantly contributes to the health of the global ecosystem.  Most of the forest company’s work under the umbrella of the government since a good percentage of the country’s forest is on the public land.

Sustainable forest management by the government and the companies remain the top agenda in Canada. The priority placed on the forest in Canada goes beyond the national borders to the international border since they contribute the largest percentage of the world’s forest. The country is committed to ensuring that there is no forest degradation not only in their soil but also in other courtiers. This enables them to work entirely for a common course that is to restore the glory of the world’s ecosystem.

There is forest management planning that underpins desirable forest management. For instance in case a forest company wants to harvest any product from a public land or forest then it has to adhere to the forest policies and regulations that are in line with the sustainable forest management laws (Howlett, 2002).. The company must also ensure that it takes permission from the public, industries, and the stakeholders so as to ensure that the plans incorporate the steps prevalent to maintaining the ecosystem health. Moreover, the plans should also create the economic changes for the society. Another way that contributes to forest management planning as a tool for realizing sustainability objective is by ensuring that the policy responds to the dynamic situations in the sector.

The forest policies in Canada differ from one province to the other. Each province formulates their policies that guide the running of the forest activities. In the process of formulating the policies, provinces face almost similar challenges. One of the challenges that they face is changing the societal attitudes concerning the management of the forest. Some members of the society find the environment normal to them, but they do not know that they should be playing a major role in making the environment in which they live a better on (Elliott& Center for International Forestry Research2000). Similarly, various members of the society have different expectations from the forest.  Some see it as where they should be getting their daily income, for instance by doing poaching or by cutting down the trees without planting others to replace the cut one. The other challenge that faces the sector of forestry in Canada is a lack of contemporary nationwide description and comparative evaluation of the policies. Most people do not understand some of the policies. Therefore, they find themselves going contrary to the set these policies.

In order to help those members of the community who highly depend on the forest for their source of income, Canada is providing the community with the assistance so as to enhance the economic opportunities and promote the benefit of the social environment by initiating Forest Community Program (Elliott& Center for International Forestry Research2000). The community program ensures that all members of the community are part of the project, and they take an active role in sustaining it

Canada’s sustainable progress strategy is based on thorough planning and management processes in all categories in the country’s state, provincial, territorial and local. Its forest division has a conceited custom of functioning with Aboriginal peoples, ecological and maintenance groups, local members of the society, labor groups, and other concerned groups and individuals to find familiar ground and mutually agreeable solutions to address social, environmental and economic values. Integral to the model are broad public consultations, inclusive appraisal and monitoring networks, thorough reporting tools, and conduct to become accustomed to practices based on new scientific records.

The Canadian state’s direct or collective roles in forests targets on science and technology, worldwide relations, trade and venture, manufacturing and regional growth, national data, Aboriginal dealings, environmental system and the organization of federal lands. This position and federal errands are much straighter with a gaze at to central lands, such as Indian preserve lands, federal land strategies, protection bases, and lands over the

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