Global politics and economic direction has always been influenced the great powers. The term great powers are associated with nations having a large economic size in terms of GDP, heavy military capability and political policies that significantly influence the action of other less powerful nation. The position of great is defined with the globally recognized countries with permanent membership in the UN Security Council. These nations are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. The great powers are always engaged in foreign policy conflicts, political ideology, and economic policies differences among others (Patrikarakos, 2012). Each member of the great powers is inclined towards achieving individual goals that emphasize control of resources within and outside its borders, global markets, social order and political system.

The underlying issue of conflict is on communism versus capitalism that defines social order, economic system, and political pattern. According to Waltz, the five major powers are a potential threat to each other and seek to maintain relative peace for sustained socio-economic and political gain (Haas, 2012). Although the five great powers exude confidence regarding relative political influence on world affairs, there seems to be a bipolar system that narrows down the political ideologies to two states that is the US-led capitalist and democracy versus Russian-led socialist and communism. The remaining three that include China, France, and Britain share ideology with either Russia or the US. Past world wars cost the five great powers significant economic loss through destruction and imposition of sanctions among others. In that respect, they have strived to prevent wars, develop better international relationships amongst themselves, create and maintain a balance of political power, and encourage cooperation to address the needs of members and direction of the rest of the world (Onderco,2015). For them to realize such aims, they show the willingness to make territorial and boundary concessions, limit military intervention as a foreign policy measure and embrace tolerance.

Considering the Iran nuclear deal that staggered for some time, it took the consensus of the great five powers to make the decision. There has been an evident alliance between China and Russia in their disguised support towards Iran. On the other hand, France belongs to NATO with the US and the UK is a long-term ally of the US. The UN Security Council oversees the global security against the development of weapons of mass destruction. Since the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombing, significant policy reforms have been initiated by the five great powers through agencies such as International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). The perceived threat of Iran nuclear weapon was seen as likely to tilt the balance of power among the five great nations (Entessar & Afrasiabi, 2015). The centrality of military capability in influencing the direction of global peace takes center stage in striking a deal with Iran. The US was particularly concerned due to a potential merger between Russia and Iran on the prospects of the nuclear program. Although some sanctions on Iran by the US remain in place, limiting any possible plan for the development of nuclear weapon is apparently eliminated.

The UN Security Council take a delicate balance of sovereignty versus the safety of the world (Kelsen,et al.2000). The US seems bent on imposing such restrictions on Iran through UN Security Council to keep in place its interest in the Middle East. On the other hand, Russia and China played low profile as they enjoy a good relationship with Iran. The Deal, however, sets a balance in terms of relative global peace that offers level ground for sustained economic prosperity for all the great five powers.

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