ETHNIC DIVISIONS AND CONFLICTS

The Bosnian war

The Bosnia war was characterized by hatred towards others with agitations of tolerance towards the rest of the society. Andjelic, (2003) details that; Bosnia as a multiethnic nation witnessed denial of basic rights meted out at the constituent ethnic groups residing within its territory. The implication of the disregard for basic human rights fundamentally led to the collapse of the system. Initially, certain people in the society like the Muslims were treated with a lot of distrust and the Serb community was dominantly occupying the leadership positions in the country. Noteworthy is the fact that three ethnic communities; Serbs, Croats and Muslims existed in Bosnia. However, as time went by, it was becoming apparent to Bosnians that being a Muslim in Bosnia was questioned on the basis of; a religious, national or ethnic identity. This did not end for a very long time with the citizens hopping that the problem will solve itself. Around 1940, it was thought that the Muslims would gradually identify themselves with Croats or Serbs. The Muslims in this territory had not decided their nationality and the congress was proposing that Bosnia be divided between Serbia and Croatia.

The ethnic differences in Bosnia were deeply rooted in their religious traditions and practices; however, these differences were never politicized or constructed until in the late 19th century. The ethnic groups that existed in Bosnia had different cultures with incompatible values. The cultural diversity propelled the condition for plurality of the society.  The politics of Bosnia were practiced along ethnic lines. The ethnic hatred that affected Bosnia was stemming from differences in religion where sunni Muslims, roman Catholics and orthodox Christians were the three major groupings. Also ethnically based political parties formed a basis for shunning patriotism and included Serbs, Croats and Muslims.

 

The movie No Mans Land by Danis Tanovic

The film presents a grim view of war and how people cannot step up and become agents of peace. Tanovic’s film documentary brings out a story that stands out with an indictment of media, global power and intertwined nature of war. The local ethnic war is seen from a vantage point f view not anchored on national perspectives (Mazower, 2001).

According to Corbin, (2006), geographically, the war on the movie No Man’s Land by Danis Tanovic is literally of Serbia and Bosnian soldiers. They are trapped in a trench found in no man’s land. Apparently, the trench is in the front line of two opposing armies. The movie presents a story of conflicts and how they progress from localized and personal incidents to global involvement. When the two soldiers are trapped in the trench, it is a rather more local and simple problem. However, when they find a Bosnian soldier who had gained consciousness after being presumed dead, it sparks tension and they begin arguing  and confronting one another at the expense of saving the other soldier from a mine. This political war story tells of how wars are about tension of people waiting for something to happen. The war only stops because it has gained media attention.

The battle of Chechnya

Smith, (2008), discusses; the most recent clash started when Vladimir Putin attacked Chechnya in 1999. A large number of Russian troopers and thousands more Chechens – both agitators and regular people – passed on and Chechnya’s towns and urban communities were bombarded to the point of being unrecognizable. Sebastian Smith made a trip to Chechnya amid this period. A blend of traveling, history and war news coverage, “Allah’s Mountains” recounts the tale of the contention between this country of mountain tribes and the Russian army.

 

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