Diabetes mellitus commonly referred to as diabetes is a very chronic disease that has the impact of lowering the ability to the ability of the patient’s body to fully utilize the energy from food consumed. The foods consumed especially the carbohydrates are always broken down into the simple sugars that are essential to the body. The simple sugars may be in the form of glucose, sucrose among others. However, the body will always require insulin for it to uptake the glucose from the blood stream.  Glucose has the effect of giving the essential energy to the body cells and the more active the cells are; the more they will require carbohydrates.  However, when the body makes little insulin, or it does not utilize the insulin produced, the person is likely to suffer from diabetes mellitus.  Little insulin in the blood impedes the cells ability to uptake the glucose in the body.  A person will eventually suffer from any of the three major types of diabetes mellitus. With the type 2 di8abetis, there is always a production of some little insulin into the body. Type 2 diabetes used to affect more adults than children.  However, it is worth noting that the amount that is produced when one suffers from the type 2 is still lower than the demand of what the body deserve (Amate et al., 2015).  The obese are more susceptible to type 2 diabetes than other people.

It’s worth noting that diabetes can never be cured, and people are just subjected to the control measures.  The control measures that are advised are like weight management, nutrition besides doing regular exercise (Skyler, 2012).

Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus

Those who suffer from this disease will have the following signs:

The persons who suffer from type two diabetes mellitus will witness the increased thirst that is characterized by frequent urination. As sugar accumulates in the body, the tissue is subjected to build up of fluids.

Moreover, the patients are most likely to experience increased hunger. Since the body there is a little amount of insulin in the patient’s body, there will be the little uptake of energy from the food eaten. The muscles will thus, have a defiocit6 of energy.  This will lead to eventual hunger by the patients.

Another imperative symptom of this disease is weight loss. Si8nce there is little insulin in the body; the body will always use other sources of energy in the body that will result in eventual weight loss of such an individual.


Since the body uptakes very little energy, the patient will always experience lots of fatigues. There is always a feeling of tiredness among the patients.

Additionally, some of the patients who suffer from this disease will always experience blurred vision.

Slow healing sore is another important symptom that characterizes type 2 diabetes mellitus.


Risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

There are numerous factors that are linked to the type 2 diabetes mellitus. The family history of a diabetic is a very imperative risk factor to the type 2 diabetes.  Families that are having a bad history of the disease are very susceptible to the type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Overweight is another risk factor associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A person who is overweight is likely to have insulin resistance that makes them, more susceptible to type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Most of type 2 diabetes mellitus are always ages (Hoerth & Udlis, 2014). Therefore, age is another risk factor associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Unhealthy diet makes a person to be more vulnerable to this ailment.

Impaired glucose intolerance is another key factor that makes a person a risk for this disease.

Paths and the consequences of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The reduction of insulin in the body results to low intake of energy from the food consumed (Jeon & Murray, 2008).  Low content of energy to an individual makes the patient feel more exhausted and fatigued.  Hunger then follow among other symptoms listed above.

When diabetes is not promptly handled, it may consequently result in the death of that particular person.  The patients get drained of energy since they cannot convert the food eaten to energy. They resort to other sources of energy in the body like fats stored in the body whose exhaustion will result in the death of that patient (Merrill & Jones, 2012).

Diagnostic lab values of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetic ketoacidosis.

Laboratory results of a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis will show a pH value of 7.30

The bicarbonate level of these patients always are less than 18mEq/L; the patient will also have a hyperglycemia level of over 250 mg/dL.

Moreover, they will have ketonemia and ketonuria (Merrill & Jones, 2012).

When it comes to type 2 diabetes

A higher blood sugar level of more than 11.1mmol/L

The blood sugar level of more than 200mg/dL after two hours indicates a prediabetes (Gu et al., 2015).

The management of patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The management of the patients will include:

Medications.  Laboratory assessment of the patients suffering f from the disease is also paramount regular monitoring of the patients. The patients could also be put on the dietary and exercise

Monitoring of the patients is critical in managing this condition. Moreover, the doctors should also do regular monitoring of the complications of the patients.

The patients suffering should be subjected to a well-organized physical activity that wills help in the reduction of body weight.

Pioglitazone is one of the anti-diabetic drugs that can be used to be used concurrently with proper diet and exercise when handling blood sugar. This drug can either be used alone or with other drugs (Davey et al., 2014).

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