Concept of jursidiction

Jurisdiction is derived from two words juris which means law and diction which means speak (Jennings, 2015). Therefore jurisdiction is defined as the power or the authority of a court or court system to speak the law. This implies that a court or a court system can only try or decide a case that falls within its established powers. Such authority or power to decide cases and adjudicate or pronounce legal matters is conferred to court or court system by the constitution or by statute. Jurisdiction is used in determining the subject matter that a specific court can try or decide, for instance, there are courts that handle traffic violations while others may be limited to bankruptcies. Others handle only civil matters while others deal with violations of criminal laws (Mann & Roberts, 2015).

The concept of jurisdiction is determining the cases that should be heard and tried in Federal Court System and the ones to be heard and tried in State Court System. Due to jurisdiction, State Court Systems has state trial courts that can only try and decide nondiversity civil cases and can try state criminal cases (Jennings, 2015). In addition, there are small claims courts that try civil cases having minimal claims. In such courts, attorneys are not used, and the typical range of the recoverable amount in claims is $200-$15,000 (Mann, & Roberts, 2016). On the other hand, the concept of jurisdiction is applicable in Federal Court System because their subject matter jurisdiction is limited. The cases that can be heard in such court system are the ones US is a party, cases involving federal question and cases involving a diversity of the citizenship (Mann & Roberts, 2015). Jurisdiction when the US is a party is lawsuits brought for or against it.

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