Comparison essay

Development of cubism came into global limelight in the early 20th century. Comparative analysis of different artists that applied this form of art offers an insight into its influence in among other creative minds. It is worth to note that Cubism emerged as a form of abstract art where paintings and drawings defied the traditional smooth outline of an object. However, presentation of different art forms portrays significant level of similarity and differences in thematic goals.

Picasso is a key artist in the history of cubism. Most of his works consist of distinct planes or shapes that collectively form an object in an abstract outlook. Picasso’s Les Demoiselles d’Avignon painting created in 1907 exhibited the power of creativity gave rise to cubism. His paintings like the one below were done in oil and are considered the core of cubism in terms of medium, goals and visual appeal.


Paul Cézanne also left a legacy by influencing transition from old form of art to the era of cubism. Considering his magnificent piece of art in Mont Sainte-Victoire created 1882-5 shown below, his impressionist goal seemed coincidental in transition to cubism. Although he had several paintings, Picasso’s works are a development of his mind.

Matisse is among the renowned artists of cubism generation. His paintings were unique and stood out to show close resemblance with Picasso’s works. Matisse rose almost the same period as Picasso in transforming the audience perspective in visual art interpretation. One of his outstanding painting is  Bonheur de vivre, 1905-6.



Among the three artists discussed, Cézanne’s works form the basis of change but exhibit limited visual impression as Matisse and Picasso. In that respect, comparing the paintings of Matisse and Picasso serves as central in defining themes and techniques. Color tone and lines are used by Picasso in his Les Demoiselles d’Avignon painting in which prostitutes in a brothel setting are clearly visible. In the case of Bonheur de vivre by Matisse, distinct color on different objects and thickness of line variations depicts creativity in terms of visual appeal. It is worth to note that the cubism concept portrayed in the works of Matisse and Picasso emphasize aesthetic effects and explore the endless options of artistic presentation. The choice of nudity by both artists is an indication of convergent goal that seek to explore the beauty of man and sensitivity of female sexuality. Transition of color and texture brings out a clear objects positioning with an impressive background view. Thematic presentations of both artists emphasize societal view on feminism and centrality of sexuality in describing the physical nature of humanity.


Picasso portray sharp lines and edges in the different planes joined together to create painting. In fact, the painting on Les Demoiselles d’Avignon comprises visibly different planes combined to form a magnificent set piece. On the other hand, Matisse used less abstract technique to create his work but show a significant deviation from the traditional art.Picasso’s exclusive choice of nude prostitute in a broythel communicates a message of feminism that characterized social reforms campaign then and now. On the other hand, Matisse focusses on reconciling nature and man.

It is worth to conclude that Cubism transition through 188s to 20th century was influenced by such artists like Cézanne. The mode of presentation changes more significantly towards abstract shapes that communicated ideas and exhibited creativity.


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