Classroom Management Strategies

Effective teachers are those who are passionate about educating their students and consider the profession of teaching as fulfilling. Teachers would want to spend most of their time in the classroom teaching and not dealing with student interruptions. Classroom management strategies aid in dealing with un-foreseen interruptions so that students spend most of their time in classrooms learning. Students are diverse and it is evident that everyone has their own personal problems. Due to some of these complications, some students don’t deal with stress appropriately as compared to others. Therefore management strategies should cater to the needs of every one since the main idea of going to school is for students to learn. The following are some examples of strategies a teacher can consider when dealing with students.

TAKING CHARGE OF THE CLASS

            A teacher should strive to capture the attention of everyone before the class starts. This means that the lecture will not resume or the overboard would remain unwritten until everyone is silent on their seat and ready to pay attention. This technique does not necessarily mean shouting to capture the students’ attention. Words like “please be silent!” or “unless everyone is ready I won’t start” is not necessary in every situation. It only takes a walk to the front of the class and captivating them with something interesting and connecting it with the lesson plan. A question like “how many of you saw the last installment of the Hunger games?”  will definitely capture the attention of most high schoolers and can be used as a reference point in teaching about the revolutionary war. Events that happen in the movie could be compared to the actual events in history. This will definitely make the lesson interesting and it also doesn’t hurt to be considered as the “cool teacher” since students will be looking forward to classes.

FOCUSING ON THE DISRUPTIVE STUDENTS

            Students will definitely not pay attention when they are busy doing other activities. Non-verbal cues insinuating disapproval could be used in captivating misbehaving students. If a student is engaged in other activities, a simple stare towards his direction will definitely make him stop. If the student hasn’t seen the reaction, the teacher could walk towards his direction while still continuing with the lesson. In high school the phenomenon of having a teacher next to a student will always work and they tend to be silent afterwards. This effective in the sense that the attention of the class will be directed to the point of the misbehavior putting the students in an awkward position resulting to their silence. Another way is directly making the student be involved in the class. This can be done by asking a question like “Adrian would you agree that the French revolution led to the decline in popularity to monarchial rule all over the world?” in order to snap out the student from his reverie. If nonverbal cues have failed to function, the next step of action would definitely be to rule with an iron fist and impose disciplinary measures.

ESTABLISHING CLASSROOM RULES AND CONSEQUENCES

Bianco (2002) considered classrooms as warzones and the teacher is at the van guard responsible for dealing with the enemy. Just like a warzone, anything can happen at any time. The fire alarm could ring at any moment, the intercom could go off at any moment bluttering out announcements or someone could even start a fight in the middle of a lesson. The teacher is definitely not clairvoyant therefore there is no way of predicting what could disrupt the attention of students. Therefore there is the need to set rules and consequences that would make them respond appropriately during interruptions. Up-front setting of rules is a future investment to the teachers’ time and energy.

Establishment of behavioral expectations should entail outlining consequences and rules appropriately. This will definitely enable the students understand which actions are deemed acceptable and which ones are prohibited. Rule setting minimizes the need to enforce disciplinary measures. In setting up consequences for inappropriate behavior, they should increase gradually. Consequences should progress from less severe to most severe considering if the misbehavior continues. For example in the elementary stage, the traffic method has definitely proved to be an effective technique Marzano, Pickering & Pollock (2001). The students name is written on a clothes pin and the pin is moved in a chart containing traffic lights depending on the behavior of the student.

From personal experience in teaching high school students the timer projection method by Burden (2000) has proven to be an effective tactic in teaching high school students. The timer is a free downloadable program that projects a timer on to laptops’ desktop. The timer is projected onto a wall using a projector which indicates how much time it would take for the lesson to end. When the class gets noisy resulting to fall in concentration, I would stay still and look at the time the commotion is consuming to determine how long I would extend the class. It usually takes at most ten seconds for everyone to go silent. Nature dictates that no student would want to stay longer in class.

PERSONAL SELECTION OF SEATS

This can be performed in the beginning of the school year to college, middle school or high school students. They could be allowed to seat in positions which they deem favorable to them. In not less than three days, the teacher will tell them that on the next lesson they should choose a permanent seat for the rest of the semester. The students will choose seats which make them feel comfortable. This will bring accountability to identify absent students. This will also give them a sense of ownership. In middle school and high school where students tend to do things in a pack, giving them the power to choose their seats enable them pick positions closest to their friends. This would bring about modelled behavior since they wouldn’t want to be moved away from their friends.

INCENTIVES FOR PERFECTION DURING ASSIGNMENTS

In situations where assignments are handed out but they aren’t graded individually, complacency will evidently be an issue. This technique could be used to foster college students to improve in their classwork duties.

Before the class starts the teacher could collect one of the assignments and review it personally. If the paper has not been performed to perfection the teacher would enforce a mandatory class extension to review the assignment. Since no student wants to stay longer in class, the students would do the assignments to perfection. When the teacher selects the assignment of one who has done recommendable work, he would be considered a class hero. This will foster exemplary classwork and enable them acquire knowledge in the process.

The reason students attend educational institutions is always to learn. Proper discipline is also essential for the learning process. To avoid distraction in a classroom a teacher should find a way of getting back the attention of the students. This can either be positive or negative re-enforcement depending on the severity of the misbehavior. A captivated class is always an effective class.

 

 

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