In the American History, the Civil War is a moment of historical consciousness. The civil war took place between1861-1865 and was a strong determinant of how the US was to be. After the 1776 0-1783 revolution, two fundamental issues were left unresolved. These were; whether the US as a nation born with the declaration that all men were created with equal rights and liberties would continue being the largest slavehood nation in the world and whether the US was to be a confederation of sovereign states, dissolvable or indivisible with a sovereign government. The victory by the Northerners in this war leads to the end of slavery which was a driving factor in the US for a very long time. Additionally, it preserved the US as one nation with a sovereign government.
The uncompromising differences that existed between the free and slave states regarding the power of the national government to prohibit slavery in those territories that were not yet made states. How much necessary was this war to the American people? Was it inevitable? These are that the questions the paper interrogates as it discusses the civil war in the period between 1861-1865. The paper presents facts, causes and the results of the civil war in America. It also gives a standpoint as to whether the war could have been avoided or not. It also indicates some of the things that could have happened if in any case the war might have not occurred.

The origin of the Civil War
According to Ashworth, (2013), four significant issues existed towards the civil war. Ashworth deals with the origin of the civil war in Marxism terms. The divergence between the South and the North over slavery provided the momentum for the antagonism that would plunge America into the Civil War. He states no slave resistance, no civil war that had an impact on the southern economy which in turn had political consequences. Slaves, unlike machines, were able to flee from their masters and listen to, consort with the groups from the south. No shift to wage labor, no civil war. If there had been no such shift would the opposition to slavery have been as broad and as potent as it was? Antagonism between North and South, the resolution of the potential conflict in the North lay in the enunciation of certain values, which made slavery increasingly unacceptable.
However, Davidson, ( 2011) identifies two key issues raised by the process of the bourgeois revolution in the United States: how the War of Independence related to the Civil War, and whether the nature of the South made conflict unavoidable. Davidson, (2011); Ashworth, (2013), agrees that that American war was a bourgeois revolution. Davidson (2011) notes that; the Civil War was a conflict between two incompatible social systems. The issues about the war comprised slavery, where the slaves’ role in achieving abolition was more often than not dismissed. Racism discussions were also perfunctory at its best.
When it comes to the question of whether the civil war in America was justifiable, then it becomes imperative to look at the pros and the cons that could have contributed to the outbreak of this war. It is also important to fathom the fact that both the North and the South included various states with various sections espousal of different regions with different climatic, topographical, demographic and cultural differences. Glymph, 2012, highlight the fact that the two territories were divided along the line that began from the East and directed westward to the Mississippi River. The line also divided the territories of the present United States of America by the Northern latitude at 36 degrees. The matter of slave slavery according to Ashworth, 2013 is the number one, principle behind the civil war in America. Slavery contributed so much the economy of the Southerners and without it could not have competed favorably with the North that highly dependent on the industries. The railroad system, agricultural product and the commercial profits that the Northerners enjoyed put them above the Southerners regarding the economy. Between the year 1840 and 1860, the slave’s states had doubled the amount of capital that they invested in slaves (Smith, & Frueh, 2013). This was the only ground in which they could compete the North, which was already advanced.
Apart from the slavery, there were other issues that were bringing chaos among the Americans around the 1950s. However, this was because, around this time, the slave was the only source of labor. This went up to the year 1865 when the amendment was done to the constitution against the slavery and slave holdings. Social, economic and political reasons were also the source of quarrels in America. The Southerners highly depended on African- American to provide the labor in cotton farming. This made them make a lot of profit in the production (Smith, & Frueh, 2013). .
It is important to draw a clear distinction between the issues that relates to slavery, the wrangle between the social class, territorial claims and the economic awareness. In the years when the slavery was in full swing, the hazards of the Americans survival were real and essential in the in the aftermath of the events that led to the civil war in America. It led to the ethnic division and the class tension between the North and the South (Caires, 2014). The Northerners blamed the southerners for violating humanity while the main reason as to why this was happening was competition. It is evident; it only a section of the Northerners who were able to afford the slave and it is these people owned the cotton plantation. This is a factor that led to the emergence of social class. However, the Union and the Confederates had different social structures that led to the emergence of tension in the social class. The Northerners were industrialists; this made them become more developed than their Southerners counterparts. However, the Southerners depended on agriculture where their main commodities were tobacco, rice, sugar, and cotton. To a smaller percentage, the Northerners also depended on agriculture and they produced grains corns. Another issue the might have led to the civil war is the election of Abraham Lincoln as the president. He tried much to solve the problems that were between the South and the North with little success (Clarke , 2013). He wanted to stump out the slavery thing without the Southerners feeling that they are not respected. The difficulty comes with the realization that the South was already glued to using the slave as the means of labor while the Northerners objected this idea.
Both the North and the South had different hope in winning the war. For instance, Northerners knew that they had a lot of resources, both capital and manpower and everybody was convinced that they were going to win the war. The preparation for this civil war would later act as a good ground to help the Americans in establishing their militaries. The North wanted to prevent the practice slavery and to reconstruct the structure of their economy (Harvey, 2012). Moreover, they wanted a powerful nation and government that would facilitate the economic development. On the other hand, the South did not want to abandon slavery. Moreover, they wanted to remain on top of the American economy.

From the readings, it is apparent that the civil war was inevitable as it becomes so difficult to change the course of events. For instance, the Southerners had to depend on the slave labor so as to reign in the cotton plantation. The economic situation that was prevalent at the time was favored with the climatic factors and the condition that were there at the time (Bowman, 2015). The issue of slavery would remain a thorny issue to both the Southerners and the Northerners. In regards to the Northwest Ordinance that led to the division of states equally, it was justifiable for if it would have happened that one territory got more states that the other, they could be a good reason of going to war. Another decision that leads to the inevitability of the war is the period of Missouri Compromise of 1820 the brought about the balance between the states by including Missouri to the Southerners and also enrolling Maine into the Union. This decision was in favor for both the Southerners and the Northerners. Another issue that could have led for to the planning of the civil war is the protective Tariff that would defend the Northern goods by increasing the prices of the British product (Davidson, 2011). This was amicably solved by decreasing the tariffs every year. Additionally, the Compromise of 1850 that aimed at admitting California to the Union and the state laws for the South. This bid was welcomed, and a fair sacrifice was done on behalf of the Southern states. There were several things that were avoided which could have led to the civil war. But the problem is that the nearer you draw to the event the more inevitable it becomes.
Significantly, the Hartford Convention that led to the constitutional amendment that wanted to limit the right of the Southern states. This amendment was dealt with in amicable manner, therefore, preventing the probable occurrence of the war between the territories. However, much later, this political decision culminated into a war.
It is clear in some of the decisions that were agreed upon between these states could have led to war as early as possible was it that the contrary was settled on. This still justify the fact that Civil War in America is something that was not really panned and it was not very easy to prevent its occurrence.
The list of the decisions that were made and their results can be best understood in the context of time. Furthermore, they can be analyzed while taking care of the condition that existed and fuelled the decision as they were. We also have to consider the fact that should there be a change in the decision that were made and are thought to have been because the war was there possibility that the civil war could have been avoided. Every decision that was made concerning the anticipated civil war was brought by the prevailing circumstance on the ground. In the bid to answer the question of an inevitability of the American Civil war, we have to consider that what might have happened in case the war did not occur (Harvey, 2012). Scholars will agree with me that the slavery could have ended even in the 19th century. It is therefore worth noting that the war contributed significantly to the end of the slavery in America. Again the territories of America could be still separated up to noCivil War in America w. On the positive side, very many lives could have been spared because the USA could not have gotten involved in the world war. It is because of this civil war that America established it’s military; otherwise it might not have been very successful for the Americans to deal with its enemies after that.
There are various factors in play that make Americans think that the civil war, Revolutionary war, or the two world wars made a contribution to a better future and the dominion that the United States of America enjoy today. Most scholars support the fact that the civil war had to happen, and the sufferings had to be there for territories to know who they are. Every decision that was made concerning the anticipated civil war was brought by the prevailing circumstance on the ground. The paper has attempted to raise some of the things that could have happened in case the war might have not occurred.

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