Catheter associated Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infection commonly referred to as UTI is an infection that attacks any part in the urinary system. This includes the bladder, Urethra, kidney and even Arêtes. It’s most common type of disease according to the reports from the National Healthcare Safety Networks.  Roughly about 75 % of this disease acquired in hospital, most of them are linked to urinary catheter. Urinary catheter is an insertion of a tube in the urethra to the bladder in order to drain the urine. Almost a quarter of this population is the ones who are hospitalized. Prolonged use of Catheter is a health risk. Note that one should only use it for the appropriate indications and as soon as they are not needed they should be removed (Catheter-associated urinary tract infection, 2016). CDC has collaborated with various healthcares to give guidelines used for prevention of UTIs and other healthcare associated problems. As a way of prevention facilities offering these services monitor and also assess the effectiveness that is in use for prevention of this sickness. (Catheter- associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI), 2016).

It is important to note that some of these can be placed up together. Several studies have been put in place in educational programs. More so the ones directed to physicians or nurses, at times it goes to both. With the education on CUATI for nurses it helps a lot in prevention and reduction of number of patients affected by the disease. With this education one learns the following, that catheters should only be used for short period of time and only when it is very necessary and also keep in time for the shortest time possible in order to avoid the infection. Sometimes even the ones talking care of the patient are not aware that there patient has the disease. Those infected should be at least being checked severally in a day so as to remove the catheter within the shortest time possible. Those that should be taken into consideration for catheter are mostly the critically ill, the patients who are undergoing surgery for urologic are the surgeries that are prolonged and those that the urinary outputs needs to be monitored very closely. (Catheter-associated urinary tract infection, 2016)One should not replace the nursing care that a patient who has inconsistency has to receive with a catheter. The person handling catheter should be well trained and certified to handle them. The ones that know the aseptic technique and also are the ones those are responsible for the insertion and maintenance of the catheter. One should observe hygiene more so the hand hygiene before handling patients. The bags of collection of urine should be free from obstruction and kinking, and also the bags should be placed below the level of the bladder and should be changed regularly (Catheter- associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI), 2016). With this basic knowledge the Catheter-associated urinary tract infections is reduced and skills acquired at that period becomes more useful.

Patients receive the health care services daily in a complex interaction environment; this includes factors such as the unanticipated or harmful outcomes technologies, clinicians and many more. There is the cognitive part that includes human error in services. As noted safety is dependent on the healthcare system at hand the system is a failure on itself. The number of patients who die annually because of medical error is alarming. It is difficult for persons with chronic illness to get the appropriate treatment, in this case of CUATIs, the problem is immense. Some of the working environment is not conducive and one feels under appreciated.  The issue of poor accommodation for the patients receiving the treatment comes in with quality of the service being rendered. There is also the issue of one not being able to assimilate with the ever increasingly science base that is complex. The adoption of information is slow because of the technology at hand; in some hospitals there is the failure of addressing the high growing rate that is among the consumer patient. Some are discontented with their work and also the issue of shortage of staff is alarming (Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee, 2009).

There are several improvements that have been made so far by CDC programs that are meant to reduce the infection of this disease. This programs ensure the appropriate use of catheter, it include the installation of systems alerts or the so called reminders to remove the catheters that are unnecessary, implementation of the guidelines that were published and the protocols that one certified as a nurse should follow and last but not least, ensuring that the education and also the feedback of the performance of the staffs in regards to the correct use of the urinary catheters. The most important of them all is that ensuring the hygiene is on point when handling the catheter. The facilities that are handling or dealing with catheters should also take into consideration of surveillance installation for monitoring UTIs and catheter associated sickness as in regards to the facility based risks assessments (Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee, 2009).

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