Do the benefits of AI(Artificial intelligence) outweigh the risks?

In this era of globalization, technology has become an important part of the society. Computer programming is an everyday necessity as production of goods and services shift from man to machines for efficiency. The debate on Artificial intelligence has attracted mixed reactions from people. However, the benefits of Artificial intelligence outweigh the expected risks.

Utilitarianism theory suggests that the best outcome of any action is the one that maximizes utility and promote happiness. In that respect, ethical concerns on Artificial intelligence are present but the prospective gains override them. In light of utilitarianism theory, artificial intelligence carries more quantifiable benefits in the modern world and into the future (Kose,et al.18). Human being need time to sleep and is vulnerable to biological interruptions such as need for break and eating. Application of Artificial intelligence need no break hence produce more output. Artificial intelligence does not have emotions as man while making decisions. In that respect, the programmed logic is more important than if it was to make decisions under the influence of emotions. The average productivity utils from artificial intelligence therefore tend to be higher and preferable. Use of robots and other forms of artificial intelligence machines makes copying easier. Mind of one machine programmed and trained would easily be copied faster than training many other people for a similar task. From utilitarian perspective, the end justifies the means and hence need for artificial intelligence (Kelemen,et al.23).

The quality of products produced using artificial intelligence minds exhibit significant accuracy. Despite dissenting voices as to the safety issues with robots, evidence shows that human interaction with artificial intelligence is progressively improving (Kose,et al.35). In fact, the society is finding computer programs responding to immediate and necessary needs with little interruptions or failure. The average productivity comparison between artificial minds and man shows a wide gap in favor of computers. Overall cost of programming one artificial mind and distributing the same technique is effective and saves time(Kose,et al.40). Labor costs are equally cut as one machine can do an activity that would require many people. Besides, there is significant confidence in the output of artificial intelligence machines as what is expected is the same as input by man. From Utilitarianism, the good is the basis of happiness and maximum utility (Kelemen,et al.56).

While there are risks of limited information that an artificial mind can take, utilitarianism overlooks this under the assumption that the output will be more efficient and performance reliable (Kelemen,et al.65). The risk of shutting down artificial intelligence machine for maintenance cannot significantly affect the overall output in the long run. After all, biological systems take time to heal but a machine breakdown or program crash can be corrected and set to resume work immediately (Kose,et al.76). Utilitarianism therefore works on cost-benefit analysis that apparently show the risks as less compared to benefits.

It is worth to conclude that utilitarianism shows artificial intelligence benefits as far more than associated risks. It is therefore in support of the increased funding towards artificial intelligence for industrialization, war, space exploration and even in teaching.

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